In-frame deletion in the seventh immunoglobulin-like repeat of filamin C in a family with myofibrillar myopathy.
ABSTRACT Myofibrillar myopathies (MFMs) are an expanding and increasingly recognized group of neuromuscular disorders caused by mutations in DES, CRYAB, MYOT, and ZASP. The latest gene to be associated with MFM was FLNC; a p.W2710X mutation in the 24th immunoglobulin-like repeat of filamin C was shown to be the cause of a distinct type of MFM in several German families. We studied an International cohort of 46 patients from 39 families with clinically and myopathologically confirmed MFM, in which DES, CRYAB, MYOT, and ZASP mutations have been excluded. In patients from an unrelated family a 12-nucleotide deletion (c.2997_3008del) in FLNC resulting in a predicted in-frame four-residue deletion (p.Val930_Thr933del) in the seventh repeat of filamin C was identified. Both affected family members, mother and daughter, but not unrelated control individuals, carried the p.Val930_Thr933del mutation. The mutation is transcribed and, based on myopathological features and immunoblot analysis, it leads to an accumulation of dysfunctional filamin C in the myocytes. The study results suggest that the novel p.Val930_Thr933del mutation in filamin C is the cause of MFM but also indicate that filamin C mutations are a comparatively rare cause of MFM.
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ABSTRACT: The signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins have been implicated in cytokine-regulated proliferation, differentiation and cell survival. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a pleiotropic cytokine, induces a robust and sustained activation of STAT3 in M1 acute myeloid leukemia cells, which in turn undergo growth arrest, terminal differentiation and apoptosis in response to IL-6. The roles of STAT3 activation in IL-6-mediated responses in M1 cells are not fully understood. We introduced STAT3 antisense cDNA into M1 cells. STAT3 antisense cDNA blocked the expression and IL-6-induced tyrosine phosphorylation and DNA binding of STAT3, and resulted in reduction of both IL-6-induced growth arrest at G(0)/G(1) phase and macrophage differentiation in the M1 transformants. This observation is in accordance with previous reports and confirms that STAT3 plays an essential role in IL-6-induced growth arrest and terminal differentiation in M1 leukemia cells. On the other hand, STAT3 antisense cDNA augmented IL-6-induced apoptosis of M1 cells, which was supported by the cell cycle assay, DNA fragmentation assay and detection of the p17 active fragment of Caspase 3. As proliferation inhibition and differentiation induction stands for a negative signal, while survival maintenance stands for a positive signal, we conclude that STAT3 exerts two-way regulation on the biological effects of IL-6 in M1 leukemia cells.Leukemia Research 07/2001; 25(6):463-72. · 2.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Filamins are a family of high molecular mass cytoskeletal proteins that organize filamentous actin in networks and stress fibers. Over the past few years it has become clear that filamins anchor various transmembrane proteins to the actin cytoskeleton and provide a scaffold for a wide range of cytoplasmic signaling proteins. The recent cloning of three human filamins and studies on filamin orthologues from chicken and Drosophila revealed unexpected complexity of the filamin family, the biological implications of which have just started to be addressed. Expression of dysfunctional filamin-A leads to the genetic disorder of ventricular heterotopia and gives reason to expect that abnormalities in the other isogenes may also be connected with human disease. In this review aspects of filamin structure, its splice variants, binding partners and biological function will be discussed.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 05/2001; 1538(2-3):99-117. · 4.66 Impact Factor