Prehabilitation and quality of life three months after total knee arthroplasty: a pilot study.
ABSTRACT Knee osteoarthritis (OA), which affects over 27 million Americans, decreases the individual's quality of life through decreasing mobility, deconditioning, reducing functional ability, and increasing knee pain. The present aim was to assess whether such patients engaging in exercise prior to surgery ("prehabilitation"; preoperative exercise intervention) rate higher quality of life 3 mo. after their surgery compared with ratings by patients who did not engage in prehabilitation. Standard populations consist of OA patients that do not participate in any preoperative exercise programs, such as a prehabilitation exercise intervention. 18 knee osteoarthritis patients were randomly assigned to a control or a prehabilitation group. The latter group participated in an exercise intervention three times per week, once at home and twice at the physical therapy lab, for 8 wk. prior to their surgery. The control group participated in their usual preoperative care prescribed by the physician for all patients. Eight health-related quality of life domains were assessed at 3 mo. post surgery. These preliminary findings suggest efficacy of prehabilitation in facilitating quality of life of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients 3 mo. after surgery.
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ABSTRACT: Although sarcopenia (muscle loss) is associated with increased mortality after liver transplantation, its influence on other complications is less well understood. We examined the association between sarcopenia and the risk of severe posttransplant infections among adult liver transplant recipients. By calculating the total psoas area (TPA) on preoperative computed tomography scans, we assessed sarcopenia among 207 liver transplant recipients. The presence or absence of a severe posttransplant infection was determined by a review of the medical chart. The influence of posttransplant infections on overall survival was also assessed. We identified 196 episodes of severe infections among 111 patients. Fifty-six patients had more than 1 infection. The median time to the development of an infection was 27 days (interquartile range = 13-62 days). When the patients were grouped by TPA tertiles, patients in the lowest tertile had a greater than 4-fold higher chance of developing a severe infection in comparison with patients in the highest tertile (odds ratio = 4.6, 95% confidence interval = 2.25-9.53). In a multivariate analysis, recipient age (hazard ratio = 1.04, P = 0.02), pretransplant TPA (hazard ratio = 0.38, P < 0.01), and pretransplant total bilirubin level (hazard ratio = 1.05, P = 0.02) were independently associated with the risk of developing severe infections. Patients with severe posttransplant infections had worse 1-year survival than patients without infections (76% versus 92%, P = 0.003). In conclusion, among patients undergoing liver transplantation, a lower TPA was associated with a heightened risk for posttransplant infectious complications and mortality. Future efforts should focus on approaches for assessing and mitigating vulnerability in patients undergoing transplantation. Liver Transpl 000:000-000, 2013. © 2013 AASLD.Liver Transplantation 12/2013; 19(12). DOI:10.1002/lt.23752 · 3.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Poor nutrition status has long been linked to increases in postoperative complications and adverse outcomes for the patient undergoing elective surgery. While optimal planning for nutrition therapy should be comprehensive spanning throughout the perioperative period, recent advances have focused on the concept of “prehabilitation” to best prepare the patient prior to the insult of surgery. Adding immune/metabolic modulating formulas the week of surgery with carbohydrate drinks to optimize glycogen deposition immediately prior to surgery, enhances patient recovery and return to baseline function. Such nutrition strategies should now be combined with a host of other practices (such as smoking cessation, weight loss, glucose control, and specialized exercise program) as part of a structured protocol to maximize patients’ chances for a full and rapid recovery from their elective surgical procedure.Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 09/2013; 37(5 suppl):5S-20S. DOI:10.1177/0148607113496821 · 3.14 Impact Factor