Identificación de restos óseos humanos mediante análisis de ADN.
ABSTRACT The DNA technology has become a powerful tool for human identification in the last few years even in cases where the bones are the only remains. We now report the successful identification of the skeletal remains of a murder victim by comparative typing on nuclear DNA in remains, and in the presumptive parents of the victim. The genetic markers used were: HLA-DQA1, LDLR, GYPA, HBGG, D7S8, Gc, and D1S80. This feasibility of bone DNA typing is available in forensic investigation in Costa Rica now.
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ABSTRACT: A study of several loci blood groups (ABO, Diego, Duffy, Kell, Kidd, Lewis, Lutheran, MNSs, P, Rhesus and Secretor), and Hp serum protein was carried out on a sample of 2,196 unrelated Costa Rican individuals of both sexes. Data was classified and analyzed according to geographic regions. Gene frequencies and the goodness of fit to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were estimated by the maximum likelihood method. A geographic structuring was observed in the Costa Rican population. All the regions of Costa Rica show higher heterozigosity values than the ones observed in the indigenous Costa Rican groups, but similar or slightly higher than the ones observed in the Spanish populations. The genetic distance analysis evidenced that the regions of Costa Rica group close to each other in intermediate positions between the Amerindians and the Spanish, fact that is coherent with the statement that attributes a intermediate origin to the general population of Costa Rica. The data contradicts the idea that the Central region has a radically different population than the rest of the country. The outcome of these markers revealed poor values of exclusion probability in forensic and paternity cases, which confirms the importance of their replacement for DNA markers in the outlines of human identification of judicial investigation systems. These results are similar to other studies made in Latin American populations.Revista de biologia tropical 01/2001; 49(3-4):1237-1252. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Complete electronic DNA profiles of 2006 randomly selected Costa Ricans, typed for 7 PCR-based loci, are presented. Such data may prove valuable for anthropological and forensic studies of the Costa Rican population.Revista de biologia tropical 10/2004; 52(3):713-5. DOI:10.15517/rbt.v1i2.15398 · 0.61 Impact Factor