Comparison of gridded energy analyzer and laser induced fluorescence measurements of a two-component ion distribution.

Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6315, USA.
The Review of scientific instruments (Impact Factor: 1.52). 11/2008; 79(10):10F314. DOI: 10.1063/1.2953411
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We present ion velocity distribution function (IVDF) measurements obtained with a five grid retarding field energy analyzer (RFEA) and IVDF measurements obtained with laser induced fluorescence (LIF) for an expanding helicon plasma. The ion population consists of a background population and an energetic ion beam. When the RFEA measurements are corrected for acceleration due to the electric potential difference across the plasma sheath, we find that the RFEA measurements indicate a smaller background to beam density ratio and a much larger parallel ion temperature than the LIF. The energy of the ion beam is the same in both measurements. These results suggest that ion heating occurs during the transit of the background ions through the sheath and that LIF cannot detect the fraction of the ion beam whose metastable population has been eliminated by collisions.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy (CW-CRDS) measurements of ion velocity distribution functions (VDFs) in low pressure argon helicon plasma (magnetic field strength of 600 G, T(e) ≈ 4 eV and n ≈ 5 × 10(11) cm(-3)). Laser induced fluorescence (LIF) is routinely used to measure VDFs of argon ions, argon neutrals, helium neutrals, and xenon ions in helicon sources. Here, we describe a CW-CRDS diagnostic based on a narrow line width, tunable diode laser as an alternative technique to measure VDFs in similar regimes but where LIF is inapplicable. Being an ultra-sensitive, cavity enhanced absorption spectroscopic technique; CW-CRDS can also provide a direct quantitative measurement of the absolute metastable state density. The proof of principle CW-CRDS measurements presented here are of the Doppler broadened absorption spectrum of Ar II at 668.6138 nm. Extrapolating from these initial measurements, it is expected that this diagnostic is suitable for neutrals and ions in plasmas ranging in density from 1 × 10(9) cm(-3) to 1 × 10(13) cm(-3) and target species temperatures less than 20 eV.
    The Review of scientific instruments 02/2012; 83(2):023508. · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report observations that confirm a theoretical prediction that formation of a current-free double layer in a plasma expanding into a chamber of larger diameter is accompanied by an increase in ionization upstream of the double layer. The theoretical model argues that the increased ionization is needed to balance the difference in diffusive losses upstream and downstream of the expansion region. In our expanding helicon source experiments, we find that the upstream plasma density increases sharply at the same antenna frequency at which the double layer appears.
    Physical Review Letters 02/2009; 102(3):035004. · 7.73 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jul 14, 2014