A comparison of American Indian and non-Indian fourth to sixth graders' rates of drug use.
ABSTRACT Although there is a large body of literature examining adolescent drug use, little is known about drug use rates among younger children. This paper presents such information for both American Indian and non-Indian fourth to sixth grade students for "having gotten drunk," the "use of marijuana," the "use of inhalants," and the use of "other" drugs over a 10-year period. Generally, the rates of use for Indian youth are higher, with a particularly high rate of marijuana use. Despite historically high rates of inhalant use among Indian youth, their rates are now similar to their non-Indian counterparts. Indian fourth to sixth grade students are displaying patterns of use that parallel those of older students with the possible implication that they are subjected earlier to societal attitudes that encourage drug use.
- SourceAvailable from: Joan M. Blakey[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Marijuana use among Native American (NA) adolescents continues to be an ongoing concern and is often cited as the most critical health issue facing this population. Despite this recognition, few studies have examined the roles played by parental monitoring and school relationships among NA youth. This cross-sectional study used secondary data from the 2010 National Survey in Drug Use and Health to examine the combined influence of parental, peer, and school indicators on marijuana use among NA adolescents aged 12 to 17years old (N = 287). The results of structural equation modeling suggest that peer factors and parental monitoring were significantly associated with marijuana use. In fact, the peer network was the most influential predictor. However, a significant relationship was not found between school relationships and marijuana use. Given the insignificance of school relationships, further research should examine the influence of peer interactions on marijuana use and the development of family-based prevention and intervention programs.Journal of Social Service Research 12/2014; 40(2):147-159. DOI:10.1080/01488376.2013.865578
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study analyzes descriptive data among a clinical sample of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youths receiving mental health services in a large California metropolitan area. Among 118 urban AI/AN youths, mood disorders (41.5%) and adjustment disorder (35.4%) were the most common mental health diagnoses. Alcohol (69.2%) and marijuana (50.0%) were the most commonly used substances. Witnessing domestic violence (84.2%) and living with someone who had a substance abuse problem (64.7%) were reported. The majority of patients demonstrated various behavior and emotional problems. Enhancing culturally relevant mental health and substance abuse treatment and prevention programs for urban AI/AN youth is suggested.Community Mental Health Journal 12/2010; 48(1):56-62. DOI:10.1007/s10597-010-9368-3
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The Sacred Mountain Youth Project was conducted to investigate risk and protective factors related to alcohol and drug use among American Indian youth. Findings indicated that stressful life events were positively associated with depressed mood, substance use, and risky behavior; cultural identity had no direct effects, but a secondary model showed that social support and protective family and peer influences were related to cultural identity. These findings suggest that the relationships between stressors and their negative sequelae are complex. Emphasis on protective processes that are culturally specific to American Indian youth may lead to effective alcohol and drug use prevention programs.Substance Use & Misuse 07/2011; 46(11):1380-94. DOI:10.3109/10826084.2011.592432