Seromic analysis of antibody responses in non-small cell lung cancer patients and healthy donors using conformational protein arrays.
ABSTRACT Analysis of antibody responses to self-antigens has driven the development of the field of tumor immunology, with the identification of many protein targets found in cancer but with limited expression in normal tissues. Protein microarray technologies offer an unprecedented platform to assay the serological response of cancer patients to tumor antigens in a comprehensive fashion, against many proteins simultaneously. We developed an array containing 329 full-length proteins, originally identified as antigenic in various cancer patients by serological expression cloning (SEREX), that were immobilized as folded, functional products accessible for antibody binding. To validate the use of these microarrays, we selected 31 sera from non-small cell lung cancer patients previously known to react to the following antigens by ELISA: LAGE-1/CTAG2, MAGEA4, TP53, SSX and SOX2. These sera were compared with 22 sera from healthy donors for reactivity against a series of antigens present on microarrays. The sensitivity and specificity of the arrays compared favorably with standard ELISA techniques (94% concordance). We present here a stringent strategy for data analysis and normalization that is applicable to protein arrays in general, and describe findings suggesting that this approach is suitable for defining potential antigenic targets for cancer vaccine development, serum antibody signatures with clinical value, characterization of predictive serum markers for experimental therapeutics, and eventually for the serological definition of the cancer proteome (seromics).
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ABSTRACT: The immunogenic nature of cancer can be explored to distinguish pancreatic cancer from related non-cancer conditions. We describe a liquid-based microarray approach followed by statistical analysis and confirmation for discovery of auto-immune biomarkers for pancreatic cancer. Proteins from the Panc-1 pancreatic cancer cell line were fractionated using a 2-D liquid separation method into over 1052 fractions and spotted onto nitrocellulose coated glass slides. The slides were hybridized with 37 pancreatic cancer sera, 24 chronic pancreatitis sera and 23 normal sera to detect elevated levels of reactivity against the proteins in spotted fractions. The response data obtained from protein microarrays was first analyzed by Wilcoxon Rank-Sum Tests to generate two lists of fractions that positively responded to the cancer sera and showed p-values less than 0.02 in the pairwise comparison between cancer specimens and normal and chronic pancreatitis specimens. The top 3 fractions with the lowest correlations were combined in receiver operating characteristic analyses. The area-under-the-curve (AUC) values are 0.813 and 0.792 for cancer vs. normal and cancer vs. pancreatitis respectively. Outlier-Sum statistics were then applied to the microarray data to determine the existence of outliers exclusive in cancer sera. The selected fractions were identified by LC-MS/MS. We further confirmed the occurrence of outliers with three proteins among cancer samples in a confirmation experiment using a separate dataset of 165 serum samples containing 48 cancer sera and 117 non-cancer controls. Phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) elicited greater reactivity in 20.9% (10 in 48) of the samples in the cancer group, while no outlier was present in the non-cancer groups.Cancer biomarkers: section A of Disease markers 01/2010; 7(1):25-37. DOI:10.3233/CBM-2010-0145 · 1.19 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: Application of mineral oil in HV power transformers[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Summary form only given. High-voltage (HV) power transformers are exposed to a large variety of electric stresses during final testing as well as in service. In addition to the dielectric strength requirement, the insulation system must meet further requirements. Thermal and mechanical aspects also have to be taken into consideration when dimensioning the insulation. In consequence, oil ducts of different sizes and volumes are exposed to different types of stresses. The approach taken by the transformer industry to the design of their products for safe operation has been consideredConduction and Breakdown in Dielectric Liquids,1993., ICDL '93., IEEE 11th International Conference on; 08/1993
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ABSTRACT: Protein microarrays are versatile tools for parallel, miniaturized screening of binding events involving large numbers of immobilized proteins in a time- and cost-effective manner. They are increasingly applied for high-throughput protein analyses in many research areas, such as protein interactions, expression profiling and target discovery. While conventionally made by the spotting of purified proteins, recent advances in technology have made it possible to produce protein microarrays through in situ cell-free synthesis directly from corresponding DNA arrays. This article reviews recent developments in the generation of protein microarrays and their applications in proteomics and diagnostics.Expert Review of Proteomics 05/2009; 6(2):145-57. DOI:10.1586/epr.09.2 · 3.54 Impact Factor