Bordetella Bsp22 forms a filamentous type III secretion system tip complex and is immunoprotective in vitro and in vivo.
ABSTRACT Type III secretion system (T3SS) tip complexes serve as adaptors that bridge the T3SS needle and the pore-forming translocation apparatus. In this report we demonstrate that Bsp22, the most abundantly secreted substrate of the Bordetella T3SS, self-polymerizes to form the Bordetella bronchiseptica tip complex. Bsp22 is required for both T3SS-mediated cytotoxicity against eukaryotic cells and haemoglobin release from erythrocytes. Bacterial two-hybrid analysis and protein pull-down assays demonstrated the ability of Bsp22 to associate with itself and to bind BopD, a component of the Bordetella translocation pore. Immunoblot and cross-linking analysis of secreted proteins or purified Bsp22 showed extensive multimerization which was shown by transmission electron microscopy to lead to the formation of variable length flexible filaments. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed Bsp22 filaments on the surface of bacterial cells. Given its required role in secretion and cell-surface exposure, we tested the protective effects of antibodies against Bsp22 in vitro and in vivo. Polyclonal antisera against Bsp22 fully protected epithelial cells from T3SS-dependent killing and immunization with Bsp22 protected mice against Bordetella infection. Of the approximately 30 genes which encode the Bordetella T3SS apparatus, bsp22 is the only one without characterized orthologues in other well-characterized T3SS loci. A maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis indicated that Bsp22 defines a new subfamily of T3SS tip complex proteins. Given its immunogenic and immunoprotective properties and high degree of conservation among Bordetella species, Bsp22 and its homologues may prove useful for diagnostics and next-generation subunit vaccines.
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ABSTRACT: The type III secretion system (T3SS) plays a key role in the exertion of full virulence by Bordetella bronchiseptica. However, little is known about the environmental stimuli that induce expression of T3SS genes. Here, it is reported that iron starvation is a signal for T3SS gene expression in B. bronchiseptica. It was found that, when B. bronchiseptica is cultured under iron-depleted conditions, secretion of type III secreted proteins is greater than that in bacteria grown under iron-replete conditions. Furthermore, it was confirmed that induction of T3SS-dependent host cell cytotoxicity and hemolytic activity is greatly enhanced by infection with iron-depleted Bordetella. In contrast, production of filamentous hemagglutinin is reduced in iron-depleted Bordetella. Thus, B. bronchiseptica controls the expression of virulence genes in response to iron starvation.Microbiology and Immunology 02/2012; 56(6):356-62. · 1.30 Impact Factor
Article: Differential expression of type III effector BteA protein due to IS481 insertion in Bordetella pertussis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Bordetella pertussis is the primary etiologic agent of the disease pertussis. Universal immunization programs have contributed to a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality of pertussis; however, incidence of the disease, especially in adolescents and adults, has increased in several countries despite high vaccination coverage. During the last three decades, strains of Bordetella pertussis in circulation have shifted from the vaccine-type to the nonvaccine-type in many countries. A comparative proteomic analysis of the strains was performed to identify protein(s) involved in the type shift. Proteomic analysis identified one differentially expressed protein in the B. pertussis strains: the type III cytotoxic effector protein BteA, which is responsible for host cell death in Bordetella bronchiseptica infections. Immunoblot analysis confirmed the prominent expression of BteA protein in the nonvaccine-type strains but not in the vaccine-type strains. Sequence analysis of the vaccine-type strains revealed an IS481 insertion in the 5' untranslated region of bteA, -136 bp upstream of the bteA start codon. A high level of bteA transcripts from the IS481 promoter was detected in the vaccine-type strains, indicating that the transcript might be an untranslatable form. Furthermore, BteA mutant studies demonstrated that BteA expression in the vaccine-type strains is down-regulated by the IS481 insertion. The cytotoxic effector BteA protein is expressed at higher levels in B. pertussis nonvaccine-type strains than in vaccine-type strains. This type-dependent expression is due to an insertion of IS481 in B. pertussis clinical strains, suggesting that augmented expression of BteA protein might play a key role in the type shift of B. pertussis.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(3):e17797. · 4.09 Impact Factor