Article

20-Hydroxyecdysone-induced bone morphogenetic protein-2-dependent osteogenic differentiation through the ERK pathway in human periodontal ligament stem cells.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400037, PR China.
European journal of pharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.68). 01/2013; 698(1-3):48-56. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2012.07.044
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT 20-Hydroxyecdysone, an ecdysteroid hormone, can induce osteogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stem cells. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLS cells) have mesenchymal-stem-cell-like qualities and are considered as one of the candidates of future clinical application in periodontitis treatment. However, there are no studies describing the effect of 20-Hydroxyecdysone on PDLS cells. In this paper, we report a detailed study on the effect of 20-Hydroxyecdysone on PDLS cell proliferation in vitro. PDLS cells were developed from human PDL cells and were treated with 20-Hydroxyecdysone to understand different aspects of its effects. 20-Hydroxyecdysone promoted PDLS cell proliferation; significantly increased the gene expression levels of runt-related transcription factor 2, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), type I collagen, and osteocalcin. Moreover, 20-Hydroxyecdysone enhanced bone formation by PDLS cells and significantly increased bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) mRNA and protein expression. However, 20-Hydroxyecdysonemediated increase in ALP activity was blocked with a BMP-2-specific neutralizing antibody or with the antagonist noggin; and20-Hydroxyecdysone mediated induction of BMP-2 expression and increase of ALP activity were abolished by the extracellular regulated protein kinase (ERK) MAPK pathway inhibitor PD98059. 20-Hydroxyecdysone also increased the phosphorylation of ERK. These findings provide evidence to state that 20-Hydroxyecdysone stimulates cell proliferation and induces osteogenic differentiation through the induction of BMP-2 expression in PDLS cells. It also shows that the ERK pathway is involved in 20-Hydroxyecdysone induced BMP-2 expression and osteogenic differentiation. These results are suggesting its potential as a drug for periodontal regenerative therapy.

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