Homicides of law enforcement officers responding to domestic disturbance calls

Department , of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, , Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Injury Prevention (Impact Factor: 1.89). 02/2013; 19(5). DOI: 10.1136/injuryprev-2012-040723
Source: PubMed


To describe the law enforcement officer (LEO), encounter, perpetrator and victim characteristics of domestic disturbance-related LEO homicides in the USA from 1996 to 2010.

Narrative text analysis was conducted on the Federal Bureau of Investigation's annual report 'Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted'. Potential cases were confirmed if the narrative included the term 'domestic disturbance' or a domestic disturbance situation was described.

116 LEOs were killed while responding to domestic disturbance calls. Ninety-five per cent of these homicides were committed with a firearm. Sixty-seven per cent of LEOs were wearing body armour when killed; however, 52% received the fatal wound to the head/neck. Sixty-one per cent of suspects had a criminal history mentioned within the narratives and perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) were more likely to be killed by LEOs than suspects involved in other forms of domestic violence. Victims of the domestic disturbance were killed in 21% of the IPV-related LEO homicide cases as opposed to only 5% of other domestic disturbance calls. A firearm was the most common weapon used in the murder of a domestic disturbance victim (86%).

This study describes domestic disturbance-related LEO homicides. Future research in this area should further examine the dangers unique to domestic disturbance calls. A longitudinal analysis could provide greater understanding of the injury and mortality risks faced by LEOs, in order to inform homicide prevention among law enforcement.

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    • "While officers had significantly higher motor-vehicle risk perception scores compared to intentional violence risk perception scores, officers still deemed the most hazardous job tasks to be those involving the potential for assault. In fact, literature supports that these calls can be very dangerous for LEOs (Kercher et al., 2013). In our study, nearly 90 percent of officers reported that responding to " other " scenes of violence was " dangerous " or " very dangerous. "
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    Policing An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management 08/2015; 38(3). DOI:10.1108/PIJPSM-03-2015-0028 · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    • "g . , handguns and knives ) , the type of crime or call for service ( Hirschel , Dean , & Lumb , 1994 ; Kavanagh , 1997 ; Kercher , Swedler , Pollack , & Webster , 2013 ; Swedler , Kercher , Simmons , & Pollack , 2013 ) , and the number of responding officers ( Covington et al . , 2014 ; Edwards , 1995 ) . "
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