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Tasa de Mortalidad Materna en Bolivia: Escenarios de Proyección y Requerimientos Financieros [Maternal Mortality rate in Bolivia: Projection Scenarios and Financial Requirements (in Spanish)]

University Library of Munich, Germany, MPRA Paper 01/2006;
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT The objectives of the study are to project the value of the maternal mortality rate till the year 2015 under a tendency scenario and to find the most cost-efficient option to reach the millenium development goal of to reduce this rate in 3/4, which implies, in the case of Bolivia, to reduce it until the value of 104. Using a model constructed with techniques of system dynamics, we conclude that Bolivia will not reach the goal, by the contrary, the value of the rate will be 208 at the year 2015. Also, we verified that the most cost-efficient intervention is the increase of the quality of the post labor attention, we also find it the most cost-efficient option to reach the millenium development goal at 2015. Los objetivos del estudio son proyectar el valor de la tasa de mortalidad materna por 100,000 nacidos vivos para el a�o 2015 bajo un escenario de tendencia y encontrar la opci�n m�s costo-eficiente para alcanzar la meta del milenio de reducir esta tasa en �, lo que implica, en el caso de Bolivia, reducirla hasta el valor de 104. Utilizando un modelo construido con t�cnicas de din�mica de sistemas, se concluye que Bolivia no alcanzar� la meta; por el contrario, el valor de la tasa de mortalidad materna ser� de 208 para el a�o 2015. Asimismo, se comprueba que la intervenci�n m�s costo-eficiente es el incremento de la calidad de la atenci�n durante el puerperio, lo que posibilitar�a alcanzar una tasa de 105. Esto significar�a que si se mantiene las actuales pol�ticas de salud publica pero se incrementa la calidad de puerperio y se cubre totalmente tanto atenci�n de puerperio como atenci�n prenatal en las �reas urbana y rural de Bolivia con un costo adicional de 105 millones de d�lares del 2003 sobre el escenario base esto para el periodo 2007-2015.

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