Surgical treatment of liver echinococcosis--open or laparoscopic surgery?
University of Zagreb, Dubrava University Hospital, Department of Abdominal Surgery, Zagreb, Croatia. Collegium antropologicum
(Impact Factor: 0.61).
Human echinococcosis remains a significant medical issue in endemic areas. Hydatid cysts can rupture, which is the most severe complication of echinococcosis as it can cause anaphylactic reaction and seeding of secondary cysts. Traditionally, hydatid cysts were evacuated by open surgical procedure in order to remove the entire cyst or by unroofing method, with evacuation of the cyst content. Recently, an increasing number of such operations are performed using laparoscopic approach. This study was prospectively conducted in a 5-year period, from 2004-2008. Altogether, 25 surgically treated patients were included in this study. Clinical examination, specific serological test, abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography were used for establishing diagnosis. Open surgery was initially performed in 17 patients and laparoscopic in 8. Three of those 8 patients required conversion to open surgery. Open pericystectomy was performed in 11 patients and laparoscopic pericystectomy in 3 patients. Open partial pericystectomy according to Papadimitriou was performed in 9 patients with hydatid cyst and laparoscopic partial pericistectomy in 2 patients. Our experience indicates that in the case of liver hydatid cyst disease, laparoscopic exploration, and if possible, laparoscopic pericystectomy or partial pericystectomy, should be performed in selected patients.
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