Surgical treatment of liver echinococcosis--open or laparoscopic surgery?

University of Zagreb, Dubrava University Hospital, Department of Abdominal Surgery, Zagreb, Croatia.
Collegium antropologicum (Impact Factor: 0.61). 12/2012; 36(4):1363-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Human echinococcosis remains a significant medical issue in endemic areas. Hydatid cysts can rupture, which is the most severe complication of echinococcosis as it can cause anaphylactic reaction and seeding of secondary cysts. Traditionally, hydatid cysts were evacuated by open surgical procedure in order to remove the entire cyst or by unroofing method, with evacuation of the cyst content. Recently, an increasing number of such operations are performed using laparoscopic approach. This study was prospectively conducted in a 5-year period, from 2004-2008. Altogether, 25 surgically treated patients were included in this study. Clinical examination, specific serological test, abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography were used for establishing diagnosis. Open surgery was initially performed in 17 patients and laparoscopic in 8. Three of those 8 patients required conversion to open surgery. Open pericystectomy was performed in 11 patients and laparoscopic pericystectomy in 3 patients. Open partial pericystectomy according to Papadimitriou was performed in 9 patients with hydatid cyst and laparoscopic partial pericistectomy in 2 patients. Our experience indicates that in the case of liver hydatid cyst disease, laparoscopic exploration, and if possible, laparoscopic pericystectomy or partial pericystectomy, should be performed in selected patients.

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    ABSTRACT: The laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) represents a new pathway in hepatic surgery. Several studies have reported its application in both malignant and benign liver diseases. The most common liver resections performed laparoscopically are wedge, segmental resections and metastasectomy; although in large centers the laparoscopic right and left hepatectomies have begun to perform more frequently. We report the initial experience in LLRs at our department including a case of the first laparoscopic left lateral liver bisegmentectomy performed in patient with follicular nodular hyperplasia and the 15 cases of wedge laparoscopic resections of echinococcic liver cysts. According to literature the mortality rate in LLRs is up to 0.3% and morbidity rate up to 10.5%. The most common cause of the death is liver failure, while the most frequent complication is the bile leakage. Advantages for patients include smaller incisions, less blood loss, and shorter lengths of hospital stay. The LLRs in experienced hands were shown to be safe with acceptable morbidity and mortality for both minor and major hepatic resections in benign and malignant diseases.
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