Cross-sectional study of correlation between mandibular incisor crowding and third molars in young Brazilians.
ABSTRACT Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate transversally the clinical correlation between lower incisor crowding and mandible third molar. Study Design: Three hundred healthy volunteers (134 male and 166 female), aged 20.4 (±2.4) years-old were submitted to a complete clinical examination and filled up a questionnaire about gender, age, total teeth number and presence or absence of superior and inferior third molar. After a recent panoramic radiography were evaluated. The multiple logistic regression showed that none of the studied factors influenced the mandibular incisor crowding. Results: The proportion of both molars present or both absent was higher than the other conditions (Chi-square, p<.0001). The multiple logistic regression showed that any of the studied factors, influenced (p>.05) the mandibular incisor crowding. Despite the statistical significance, wear orthodontics appliances showed a little correlation (odds ratios < 1.0) in the mandibular incisor crowding. Conclusion: Presence of maxillary and/or mandibular third molars has no relation with the lower incisor crowding.
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ABSTRACT: The problem of late mandibular incisor crowding is a well established phenomenon, the cause of which has been the substance of considerable debate over the years. A central issue is the possible role of the third molars though no definitive conclusions have been consistently drawn. This prospective study was designed to investigate the effects of randomly assigned early extraction of third molars on late crowding of the mandibular incisors. One-hundred-and-sixty-four patients entered the study from 1984 following completion of retention after orthodontic treatment. Seventy-seven patients (47%) returned for records up to a mean of 66 months later, and their start and finish study casts were digitized on a reflex microscope to determine Little's index of irregularity, intercanine width and arch length. Forty-four of the patients had been randomized to have third molars removed. There was no evidence of responder bias. Where third molars were extracted the mean increase in lower labial segment irregularity was reduced by 1.1 mm from a mean of 2.1 mm for the group where third molars were retained (P = 0.15, not statistically significant). This difference was also not considered to be clinically significant. The principal conclusion drawn from this randomized prospective study is that the removal of third molars to reduce or prevent late incisor crowding cannot be justified.British journal of orthodontics 06/1998; 25(2):117-22.
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ABSTRACT: The role of the mandibular third molar in late incisor crowding remains controversial. Detailed examination of frequently quoted studies indicates a small, but statistically significant relationship. The clinical relevance of this is discussed.British journal of orthodontics 03/1991; 18(1):59-66.
Article: Incisor crown shape and crowding.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate correlations between the shape of mandibular incisor crowns and crowding. Study models of 50 untreated white subjects (25 men and 25 women) with varying degrees of crowding were studied. The lower incisors were sectioned and imaged at the contact point and midpoint levels, and the mesiodistal width was measured. Crowding was quantified by using both Little's irregularity index and anterior tooth size-arch length discrepancy. The ratio of the 2 mesiodistal widths was correlated with Little's irregularity index and anterior tooth size-arch length discrepancy. In the women, the ratio showed correlations of 0.52 (P =.008) and 0.55 (P =.005) for central and lateral incisors, respectively, with anterior tooth size-arch length discrepancy. No predictors of lower incisor crowding could be established from mandibular incisor crown shape in this study.American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 06/2003; 123(5):562-7. · 1.46 Impact Factor