Article

Attitudes of asthmatic and nonasthmatic children to physical exercise

Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece
Patient Preference and Adherence (Impact Factor: 1.49). 01/2013; 7:81-8. DOI: 10.2147/PPA.S40577
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to examine the physical activity of children with and without asthma in Greece, the factors affecting their intention to exercise, and the influence of gender.
The study involved 50 children with asthma and 50 children without asthma, aged 9-14-years old. We used the leisure time exercise questionnaire to assess the frequency and intensity of exercise. The planned behavior scale examined seven factors affecting physical activity: attitude, intention, self-identity, attitude strength, social role model, information, and knowledge.
Asthmatic children did not differ significantly in mild, moderate, and overall level of physical activity from children without asthma but they participated less in intense and systematic exercise. The two asthmatic groups did not differ in any of the planned behavior factors. Significant differences between genders occurred with respect to self-identity and social role model. Boys appeared to exercise more regularly and intensely compared to girls.
Asthmatic children did not systematically participate in physical activity, preferring mostly mild and moderate intensity activities. Children with and without asthma had comparable positive attitudes and intentions toward exercise.

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Available from: Evangelos Bebetsos, May 07, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: The aim of this study is to test the psychometric properties of the scale of physical activity enjoyment (PACES) in children with asthma. Method: Participants included 185 children (age=11.38±1.12 years; BMI=20.66±4.13 Kg/m(2)): 107 children with asthma and 78 healthy children. To test the enjoyment of physical activity, Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale of Motl et al. (2001) was used in its Spanish version. In addition, the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C), Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) and Physical Self-Concept Questionnaire (CAF) have been used. Results: The results have shown a two-factor structure corresponding to the model whose settings have been good. PACES internal consistency was very high (Cronbach's alpha = 0.906). The PACES test-retest reliability indicates a good temporal concordance (Spearman Rho = 0.868, p<0.001). This presents an adequate concurrent validity with the total PAQLQ, the PAQ- C as well as with ability, fitness, attractiveness, strength, and general physical self-concept. Conclusions: The findings confirm that PACES is a valid and reliable measure of physical activity enjoyment in children with asthma.
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