The Effects of Lobeline on α4β2* Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Binding and Uptake of [(18)F]Nifene in Rats.

Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 1111 Highland Ave, Room 1005, Madison, WI 53705
Journal of Neuroscience Methods (Impact Factor: 2.05). 01/2013; 214(2). DOI: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2013.01.018
Source: PubMed


Lobeline is a potential smoking cessation drug with affinity for the α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and may inhibit the blood-brain barrier (BBB) amine transporter. The goal of this work was to use PET imaging to evaluate the effects of lobeline on the kinetic properties of [(18)F]nifene in the rat brain.

Direct α4β2* competition of lobeline with [(18)F]nifene was evaluated using imaging experiments with both displacing and blocking doses of lobeline (1mg/kg, i.v.) given between two injections of [(18)F]nifene separated by 50min. Inhibition of the BBB amine transporter was examined using a separate imaging protocol with three injections of [(18)F]nifene, first at baseline, then following (-)nicotine blocking, and finally following lobeline blocking.

Rapid displacement of [(18)F]nifene was observed in the α4β2*-rich thalamus following lobeline administration, suggesting direct competition of the drug at α4β2* sites. Slight decreases in BBB transport of [(18)F]nifene were observed when the α4β2* system was first saturated with (-)nicotine and then given lobeline. This perturbation may be due to inhibition of the BBB amine transporter by lobeline or reductions in blood flow. Significant cerebellar displacement of [(18)F]nifene was found following the administration of both lobeline and (-)nicotine, indicating detectable specific binding in the rat cerebellum.

The competition of lobeline with [(18)F]nifene is largely dominated at the α4β2* binding site and only small perturbations in BBB transport of [(18)F]nifene are seen at the 1mg/kg dose. Similar experiments could be used to study other drugs as therapeutic agents for smoking cessation with PET.

Download full-text


Available from: Jogeshwar Mukherjee, Dec 02, 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: [(18)F]Nifene is an agonist PET radioligand developed to image α4β2* nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). This work aims to quantify the receptor density (Bmax) of α4β2* nAChRs and the in vivo (apparent) dissociation constant (KDapp) of [(18)F]nifene. Multiple-injection [(18)F]nifene experiments with varying cold nifene masses were conducted on four rhesus monkeys with a microPET P4 scanner. Compartment modeling techniques were used to estimate regional Bmax values and a global value of KDapp. The fast kinetic properties of [(18)F]nifene also permitted alternative estimates of Bmax and KDapp at transient equilibrium with the same experimental data using Scatchard-like methodologies. Averaged across subjects, the compartment modeling analysis yielded Bmax values of 4.8±1.4, 4.3±1.0, 1.2±0.4, and 1.2±0.3 pmol/mL in the regions of antereoventral thalamus, lateral geniculate, frontal cortex, and subiculum, respectively. The KDapp of nifene was 2.4±0.3 pmol/mL. The Scatchard analysis based on graphical evaluation of the data after transient equilibrium yielded Bmax estimations comparable to the modeling results with a positive bias of 28%. These findings show the utility of [(18)F]nifene for measuring α4β2* nAChR Bmax in vivo in the rhesus monkey with a single PET experiment.Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism advance online publication, 14 August 2013; doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2013.136.
    Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism: official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 08/2013; 33(11). DOI:10.1038/jcbfm.2013.136 · 5.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) are drugs that increase synaptic acetylcholine (ACh) concentrations and are under investigation as treatments for symptoms accompanying Alzheimer's disease. The goal of this work was to use PET imaging to evaluate alterations of in vivo α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) binding induced by the AChEIs physostigmine (PHY) and galanthamine (GAL). The α4β2 nAChR specific radioligand [(18) F]nifene was used to examine the effects of 0.1-0.2 mg/kg PHY, 5 mg/kg GAL, and saline in three separate experiments all performed on each of two rat subjects. A 60 min bolus-infusion protocol was used with drug administered after 30 min. Data from the thalamus and cortex were analyzed with a graphical model accounting for neurotransmitter activation using the cerebellum as a reference region to test for transient competition with bound [(18) F]nifene. Significant [(18) F]nifene displacement was detected in both regions during one PHY and both GAL studies, while no significant competition was observed in both saline studies. This preliminary work indicates the viability of [(18) F]nifene in detecting increases in synaptic ACh induced by AChEIs. Synapse, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Synapse 12/2013; 67(12). DOI:10.1002/syn.21698 · 2.13 Impact Factor