Predictors for Dropping-Out From Methadone Maintenance Therapy Programs Among Heroin Users in Southern Taiwan

1Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital , Kaohsiung , Taiwan.
Substance Use &amp Misuse (Impact Factor: 1.23). 02/2013; 48(1-2):181-191. DOI: 10.3109/10826084.2012.749411
Source: PubMed


This study examined the methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) retention rates of heroin users in Taiwan and the predictors for dropout in the 18-month period after starting MMT. We consecutively recruited 368 intravenous heroin users receiving MMT in 2007-2008 and applied Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to determine the predictive effect of pre- and in-treatment variables on early discontinuation of MMT. The retention rate at 18 months was 32.3%. High heroin expenses, more severe harm caused by heroin use, perceived lower family support, and lower methadone dosage at 3 months after starting MMT increased the risk of dropout in the follow-up period.

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