All-Cause and Disease-specific Mortality and Morbidity in Patients With Congenital Hypothyroidism Treated Since the Neonatal Period: A National Population-based Study
ABSTRACT Context:Little is known about the long-term health of patients treated for congenital hypothyroidism since the neonatal period.Objective:To evaluate the causes of mortality and comorbidity in a population-based registry of young adult patients.Design, Setting, and Participants:All 1772 eligible patients diagnosed during the first decade after the introduction of neonatal screening in France participated in the study. Follow-up data on vital status were available, in May 2010, for 99.5% of the patients. Completed questionnaires were obtained from 1202 of the selected patients.Main Outcome Measures:All-cause and cause-specific mortality and comorbidity.Results:All-cause mortality in the congenital hypothyroidism (CH) patients was slightly higher than expected on the basis of year, age, and sex (standardized mortality ratio [SMR] 1.24, 95% CI: 0.81-1.82). SMRs for each category of underlying cause of death showed mortality due to diseases of the central nervous system (SMR 5.22, 95% CI: 1.68-12.17) and congenital malformations (SMR 3.15, 95% CI: 1.86-6.49) to be significantly higher than expected in the CH patients. The risk of developing an associated chronic disease in the 1202 patients who completed the questionnaire was twice that for the reference population (odds ratio 2.0 [1.32-3.03]). Neurologic or mental diseases and congenital malformations were the most frequent (odds ratios 2.54 [1.12-5.86], 4.18 [1.27-13.76], and 4.36 [1.24-15.34], respectively). Overall, mortality and morbidity were not affected by sex, disease severity, cause of CH, or adequacy of treatment.Conclusion:Prognosis has improved considerably, but a few patients diagnosed during the first 10 years of screening in France nonetheless displayed comorbidity and mortality due to various neurodevelopmental disorders and associated malformations. These results reveal a continuing need for improvements in care and studies to provide knowledge about the full spectrum of the disease and the mechanisms underlying these developmental abnormalities.
SourceAvailable from: Miguel Angel Alvarez
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ABSTRACT: The resuscitation principles of securing the airway and stabilizing hemodynamics remain the same in any neonatal emergency. However, stabilizing endocrine disorders may prove especially challenging. Several organ systems are affected simultaneously and the clinical presentation can be subtle. Although not all-inclusive, the implementation of newborn screening tests has significantly reduced morbidity and mortality in neonates. Implementing routine screening tests worldwide and improving the accuracy of present tests remains the challenge for healthcare providers. With further study of these disorders and best treatment practices we can provide neonates presenting to the emergency department with the best possible outcomes.Emergency medicine clinics of North America 05/2014; 32(2):421-435. DOI:10.1016/j.emc.2014.01.003 · 0.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common congenital endocrine disorder. The early treatment of CH patients has successfully improved the prognosis and management of this disorder. Optimal treatment and management throughout the patient's life, beginning in the neonatal period, are required to ensure long-term health. Affected patients should be offered assessments of associated medical conditions and provided with accurate information about their condition throughout their lives, but particularly during the transition from pediatric to adult services. This review provides a summary of current knowledge about the long-term outcomes of these patients and appropriate management into early adulthood. We carried out a systematic search of the Medline database to identify relevant articles. Despite major improvements in prognosis, the impact of CH is clearly not uniform, and management should take into account a broader range of relevant indicators, including CH severity, associated comorbid conditions and the adequacy of treatment during childhood and adulthood. The early diagnosis and management of associated medical conditions, and better educational strategies to improve compliance with treatment should improve the long-term prognosis. Further studies are required to explore changes with aging.European Journal of Endocrinology 09/2014; DOI:10.1530/EJE-14-0777 · 3.69 Impact Factor