Carotid Artery Plaque and LDL-to-HDL Cholesterol Ratio Predict Atherosclerotic Status in Coronary Arteries in Asymptomatic Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba.
Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis (Impact Factor: 2.77). 01/2013; DOI: 10.5551/jat.14977
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Aims: To investigate the clinical predictors of coronary atherosclerosis and to assess the utility of maximum-IMT for predicting coronary atherosclerosis in asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients.Methods: One hundred one Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes underwent computed tomography coronary angiography. Definitions of coronary artery stenosis and vulnerable coronary plaque were luminal narrowing of ≥50% and any coronary plaque with positive vessel remodeling and low attenuation, respectively. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was assessed using B-mode ultrasound.Results: Of the 101 patients, 40 had coronary artery stenosis without vulnerable coronary plaque, 7 had vulnerable coronary plaque without coronary artery stenosis, and 23 had coronary artery stenosis with vulnerable coronary plaque. Male sex (p=0.031), duration of diabetes (p=0.024), systolic blood pressure (SBP) (p=0.039), and the LDL/HDL ratio (LDL/HDL) (p=0.013) were independent predictors of coronary artery stenosis and the LDL/HDL (p=0.042) independently predicted vulnerable coronary plaque by logistic regression analyses. Areas under the curves in receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of the maximum-IMT, LDL/HDL, and these two parameters combined were 0.711 (95% CI 0.601-0.820), 0.618 (0.508-0.728), and 0.732 (0.632-0.831), respectively, for predicting coronary artery stenosis and 0.655 (0.537-0.773), 0.629 (0.504-0.754), and 0.710 (0.601-0.818), respectively, for predicting vulnerable coronary plaque.Conclusions: Male sex, duration of diabetes, elevated SBP, and LDL/HDL were independent predictors of coronary artery stenosis. LDL/HDL was an independent predictor of vulnerable coronary plaque. Maximum-IMT predicted both coronary stenosis and vulnerable coronary plaque. Adding LDL/HDL improved the prediction of coronary artery stenosis and vulnerable coronary plaque.

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    ABSTRACT: Background: It is unclear whether early physical activity has a greater influence on intima-media thickness and metabolic variables than current physical activity. Objective: To analyze the relationship between current and early physical activity, metabolic variables, and intima-media thickness measures in adults. Method: The sample was composed of 55 healthy subjects of both sexes (33 men and 22 women). Total body fat and trunk fat were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Carotid and femoral intima-media thickness were measured using a Doppler ultrasound device. A 12-hour fasting blood sample collection was taken (fasting glucose and lipid profile). Early physical activity was assessed through face-to-face interview, and the current physical activity was assessed by pedometer (Digi-Walker Yamax, SW200), which was used for a period of seven days. Results: Current physical activity was negatively related to total cholesterol (rho=-0.31), while early physical activity was negatively related to triglycerides (rho=-0.42), total cholesterol (rho=-0.28), very low density lipoprotein (rho=-0.44), and carotid intima-media thickness (rho=-0.50). In the multivariate model, subjects engaged in sports activities during early life had lower values of very low density lipoprotein (b=-8.74 [b=-16.1; -1.47]) and carotid intima-media thickness (b=-0.17 [95%CI: -0.28; -0.05]). Conclusion: Early 95%CI physical activity has a significant influence on carotid intima-media thickness, regardless of the current physical activity.
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