Integrative analysis of miRNA and inflammatory gene expression after acute particulate matter exposure.

Exposure, Epidemiology and Risk Program, Department of Environmental Health, Laboratory of Environmental Epigenetics, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, KRESGE Building 1, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Phone: (617) 432-0666. Fax: (617) 384-8859.
Toxicological Sciences (Impact Factor: 4.48). 01/2013; DOI: 10.1093/toxsci/kft013
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT MicroRNAs are environmentally-sensitive inhibitors of gene expression that may mediate the effects of metal-rich particulate matter (PM) and toxic metals on human individuals. Previous environmental miRNA studies have investigated a limited number of candidate miRNAs and have not yet evaluated functional effects on gene expression. In this study we want to identify PM-sensitive miRNAs using microarray profiling on matched baseline and post-exposure RNA from foundry workers with well-characterized exposure to metal-rich PM; and to characterize miRNA relations with expression of candidate inflammatory genes.We applied microarray analysis of 847 human miRNAs and Real-Time PCR analysis of 18 candidate inflammatory genes on matched blood samples collected from foundry workers at baseline and after three days of work (post-exposure). We identified differentially-expressed miRNAs (Fold Change [FC]>2 and p<0.05) and correlated their expression with the inflammatory associated genes. We performed in-silico network analysis in MetaCore v6.9 to characterize the biological pathways connecting miRNA-mRNA pairs.Microarray analysis identified four miRNAs that were differentially-expressed in post-exposure compared to baseline samples, including miR-421 (FC=2.81, p-value<0.001), miR146a (FC=2.62, p-value=0.007), miR-29a (FC=2.91, p-value<0.001), and let-7g (FC=2.73, p-value=0.019). Using FDR adjustment for multiple comparisons, we found 11 miRNA-mRNA correlated pairs involving the four differentially-expressed miRNAs and candidate inflammatory genes. In-silico network analysis with MetaCore database identified biological interactions for all the 11 miRNA-mRNA pairs, which ranged from direct mRNA targeting to complex interactions with multiple intermediates.Acute PM exposure may affect gene-regulation through PM-responsive miRNAs that directly or indirectly control inflammatory gene expression.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Airborne particulate matter (PM) exposure is a major environmental health concern and is linked to metabolic disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes, which are on the rise in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This study investigated changes in mouse lung gene expression produced by administration of PM10 collected from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. FVB/N mice were exposed to 100 μg PM10 or water by aspiration and euthanized 24 h later. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and analyzed for neutrophil concentration and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 levels. RNA was extracted from lungs and whole transcript was analyzed using Affymetrix Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array. Mice exposed to PM10 displayed an increase in neutrophil concentration and elevated TNF-α and IL-6 levels. Gene expression analysis revealed that mice exposed to PM10 displayed 202 genes that were significantly upregulated and 40 genes that were significantly downregulated. PM10 induced genes involved in inflammation, cholesterol and lipid metabolism, and atherosclerosis. This is the first study to demonstrate that Saudi Arabia PM10 increases in vivo expression of genes located in pathways associated with diseases involving metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis.
    Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A 05/2014; 77(13):751-66. DOI:10.1080/15287394.2014.892446 · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The first evidence that microRNA expression is early altered by exposure to environmental chemical carcinogens in still healthy organisms was obtained for cigarette smoke. To date, the cumulative experimental data indicate that similar effects are caused by a variety of environmental carcinogens, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitropyrenes, endocrine disruptors, airborne mixtures, carcinogens in food and water, and carcinogenic drugs. Accordingly, the alteration of miRNA expression is a general mechanism that plays an important pathogenic role in linking exposure to environmental toxic agents with their pathological consequences, mainly including cancer development. This review summarizes the existing experimental evidence concerning the effects of chemical carcinogens on the microRNA machinery. For each carcinogen, the specific microRNA alteration signature, as detected in experimental studies, is reported. These data are useful for applying microRNA alterations as early biomarkers of biological effects in healthy organisms exposed to environmental carcinogens. However, microRNA alteration results in carcinogenesis only if accompanied by other molecular damages. As an example, microRNAs altered by chemical carcinogens often inhibits the espression of mutated oncogenes. The long-term exposure to chemical carcinogens causes irreversible suppression of microRNA expression thus allowing the trasduction into proteins of mutated oncogens. This review also analyze the existing knowledge regarding the mechanisms by which environmental carcinogens alter microRNA expression. The underlying molecular mechanism involves p53-microRNA interconnection, microRNA adduct formation, and alterations of Dicer function. On the whole, reported findings provide evidence that microRNA analysis is a molecular toxicology tool that can elucidate the pathogenic mechanisms activated by environmental carcinogens.
    International journal of hygiene and environmental health 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ijheh.2014.01.001 · 3.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The complex miRNA regulatory network plays an important role in diverse biological activities of physiopathological processes. In addition to the discovery of and research on the extracellular miRNAs detected in multiple biofluids, the properties of tissue specificity and high stability underlie the great potential of these small miRNAs to serve as translational biomarkers for various diseases in the clinical setting, including in drug-induced liver injury. In this review, we describe the major technologies currently used and challenges in miRNA measurement and provide information on major bioinformatics resources available for current miRNA research. We also discuss novel findings in liver disease and highlight the potential of miRNAs for clinical and basic research as translational biomarkers for drug-induced liver injury.
    Biomarkers in Medicine 02/2014; 8(2):161-72. DOI:10.2217/bmm.13.147 · 2.86 Impact Factor