Drug-Initiated, Controlled Ring-Opening Polymerization for the Synthesis of Polymer-Drug Conjugates

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801.
Macromolecules (Impact Factor: 5.93). 03/2012; 45(5):2225-2232. DOI: 10.1021/ma202581d
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Paclitaxel, a polyol chemotherapeutic agent, was covalently conjugated through its 2'-OH to polylactide with 100% regioselectivity via controlled polymerization of lactide mediated by paclitaxel/(BDI-II)ZnN(TMS)(2) (BDI-II = 2-((2,6-diisopropylphenyl)amino)-4-((2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino)-2-pentene). The steric bulk of the substituents on the N-aryl groups of the BDI ligand drastically affected the regiochemistry of coordination of the metal catalysts to paclitaxel and the subsequent ring-opening polymerization of lactide. The drug-initiated, controlled polymerization of lactide was extended, again with 100% regioselectivity, to docetaxel, a chemotherapeutic agent that is even more structurally complex than paclitaxel. Regioselective incorporation of paclitaxel (or docetaxel) to other biopolymers (i.e., poly(δ-valerolactone), poly(trimethylene carbonate), and poly(ε-caprolactone)), was also achieved through drug/(BDI-II)ZnN(TMS)(2)-mediated controlled polymerization. These drug-polylactide conjugates with precisely controlled structures are expected to be excellent building blocks for drug delivery, coating, and controlled-release applications.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polymeric micelles self-assembled from biodegradable amphiphilic block copolymers have been proven to be effective drug delivery carriers that reduce the toxicity and enhance the therapeutic efficacy of free drugs. Several reviews have been reported in the literature to discuss the importance of size/size distribution, stability and drug loading capacity of polymeric micelles for successful in vivo drug delivery. This review is focused on non-covalent and covalent interactions that are employed to enhance cargo loading capacity and in vivo stability, and to achieve nanosize with narrow size distribution. In particular, this review analyses various non-covalent and covalent interactions and chemistry applied to introduce these interactions to the micellar drug delivery systems, as well as the effects of these interactions on micelle stability, drug loading capacity and release kinetics. Moreover, the factors that influence these interactions and the future research directions of polymeric micelles are discussed.
    Journal of Controlled Release 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2014.06.061 · 7.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a strategy of conjugating CPT to the terminal carboxylate group of polylactide (PLA) with a facile hydrolysable amino ester linker via a controlled polymerization method. The obtained CPT-N-PLA conjugates were able to self-assemble into 50–100 nanometer-sized conjugates (NCs) with desired in vitro physicochemical properties and showed enhanced in vivo therapeutic efficacy against Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) induced in C57BL/6 mice.
    02/2014; 5(5). DOI:10.1039/C3PY01245J
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cancer cells are under oxidative stress due to a large production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which involve in cell proliferation and cancer promotion and progression. On the other hand, ROS promotes cell death, depending on the rate of ROS production and the activity of antioxidant systems. Recently, "oxidation therapy" has arisen as a promising anticancer strategy, which can be achieved by inducing the generation of cytotoxic level of ROS or inhibiting the antioxidant systems in tumor cells. Here, we report oxidative stress amplifying nanoplatforms as novel anticancer therapeutics, which are able not only to suppress antioxidant but also to generate ROS simultaneously in acidic tumor microenvironments. The oxidative stress amplifying nanoplatforms are composed of dual pH-sensitive PBCAE copolymer, polymeric prodrug of BCA (benzoyloxycinnamaldehyde) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibiting zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP). PBCAE was designed to incorporate ROS-generating BCA in its backbone via acid-cleavable acetal linkages and self-assemble to form micelles that encapsulate ZnPP. In vitro proof-of-concept studies revealed that ZnPP encapsulated in PBCAE micelles suppressed HO-1 to make cancer cells more vulnerable to BCA-induced ROS, leading to enhanced apoptotic cell death. In addition, ZnPP-loaded PBCAE micelles significantly suppressed the tumor growth in human cancer xenograft mouse models. We believe that oxidative stress amplifying micellar nanoparticles have a great potential as novel redox anticancer therapeutics.
    Journal of Controlled Release 09/2014; 196. DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2014.09.017 · 7.26 Impact Factor


1 Download