Determination of underlying causes in asymptomatic, earlystage renal diseases by dipstick test.
ABSTRACT Aim To prevent possible chronic kidney diseases in healthy school- age children by screening for hematuria and proteinuria using a urine strip. Methods The incidence of hematuria and proteinuria was determined in 1848 healthy school-age children aged 7 to 14 years by urine screening in the eastern region of Turkey in 2008. Cases with persistent hematuria and/or proteinuria were referred to a pediatric nephrologist, and further examinations were carried out. Results Isolated hematuria, isolated proteinuria, and combined hematuria-proteinuria were found in 92 (4.9%), 16 (0.8%) and 10 (0.5%) patients, respectively. In addition, 11.9% (11/92) of cases of isolated hematuria and 40% (4/10) of cases of combined hematuria- proteinuria were observed to have persisted. Persistent hematuria and persistent hematuria-proteinuria were found in 11 (0.5%) and 4 (0.2%) patients, respectively. In these cases, underlying causes were found: renal stone disease, hypercalciuria, urinary tract infection, vesicoureteral relux, atrophic kidney, and IgA nephropathy. Conclusion According to this study, cases with persistent hematuria should be examined especially in terms of renal stones, hypercalciuria, and urinary tract infection.