Mental healthcare efforts for the public after the Great East Japan Earthquake "Guide to Good Mental Health for Those Affected by Natural Disasters" published by the Cabinet Office

National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1, Ogawa-Higashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8553, Japan.
Brain & development (Impact Factor: 1.88). 01/2013; 35(3). DOI: 10.1016/j.braindev.2012.11.003
Source: PubMed


One year after the Great East Japan Earthquake, the Office of Policy for Suicide Prevention of the Cabinet Office published and distributed three stages of pamphlets under the supervision of the National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, promoting understanding about mental healthcare for those affected by natural disasters. Pamphlets are meant for universal usage and have commonly been used not only in the area affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake but also where earthquakes have occurred in other regions since the Great East Japan Earthquake and in areas affected by typhoon and flood damage. We hope three kinds of pamphlets can be useful for not only in Japan but also outside Japan.

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    ABSTRACT: Health care management in disasters is one of the main parts of disaster management. Health in disasters is affected by performance of various sectors, and has an interactive impact on various aspects of disaster management. The aim of this study was to identify the most important themes affecting the healthcare management in disaster. In this qualitative study with a content analysis approach, in-depth interviews in two steps with 30 disaster experts and managers were conducted to collect the data. Eleven themes affecting healthcare management in disasters were identified. These themes were related to human resources management, resources management, victims' management transfer, environmental hygiene monitoring, nutrition management, mental health control, inter-agency coordination, training, technology management, information and communication management, and budget management. Providing effective health care service in disasters requires a comprehensive look at the various aspects of disaster management. Effective factors on the success of healthcare in disaster are not limited to the scope of healthcare. There should be a close relationship and interaction between different sectors of disaster management.
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