Article

Large-vessel correlates of cerebral small-vessel disease

Department of Neurology (M.B., F.P.), André Mignot Hospital, University of Versailles, St-Quentin-en-Yvelines
Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.3). 01/2013; 80(7). DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e318281ccc2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the relationship of carotid structure and function with MRI markers of cerebral ischemic small-vessel disease. METHODS: The study comprised 1,800 participants (aged 72.5 ± 4.1 years, 59.4% women) from the 3C-Dijon Study, a population-based, prospective cohort study, who had undergone quantitative brain MRI and carotid ultrasound. We used multivariable logistic and linear regression adjusted for age, sex, and vascular risk factors. RESULTS: Presence of carotid plaque and increasing carotid lumen diameter (but not common carotid artery intima-media thickness) were associated with higher prevalence of lacunar infarcts: odds ratio (OR) = 1.60 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09-2.35), p = 0.02 and OR = 1.24 (95% CI: 1.02-1.50), p = 0.03 (by SD increase). Carotid plaque was also associated with large white matter hyperintensity volume (WMHV) (age-specific top quartile of WMHV distribution): OR = 1.32 (95% CI: 1.04-1.67), p = 0.02, independently of vascular risk factors. Increasing Young elastic modulus and higher circumferential wall stress, reflecting augmented carotid stiffness, were associated with increasing WMHV (effect estimate [β] ± standard error: 0.0003 ± 0.0001, p = 0.024; β ± standard error: 0.005 ± 0.002, p = 0.008). Large WMHV was also associated with increasing Young elastic modulus (OR = 1.22 [95% CI: 1.04-1.42], p = 0.01) and with decreasing distensibility coefficient (OR = 0.83 [95% CI: 0.69-0.99], p = 0.04), independently of vascular risk factors. Associations of carotid lumen diameter with lacunar infarcts and of carotid stiffness markers with WMHV were independent of carotid plaque. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to and independently of carotid plaque, increasing carotid lumen diameter and markers of carotid stiffness were associated with increasing prevalence of lacunar infarcts and increasing WMHV, respectively.

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Available from: Bernard Mazoyer, May 26, 2014
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