Dysfunctional Emotion Regulation as a Basic Factor of Anxiety and Depressive Disorders in Adolescents

Fortschritte der Neurologie · Psychiatrie (Impact Factor: 0.63). 01/2013; 81(1):35-9. DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1330320
Source: PubMed


Depression and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders in adolescents and show high comorbidity. The aim of the current study was to investigate emotion regulation as a conjoint as well as restricting factor.

Matched samples of depressive and anxious adolescents and a control group (12-16 years; n = 60) were compared for their emotion regulation. Analyses of variance and t-tests were used to analyse group differences in emotion regulation. Individual differences in regulation strategies between the two types of disorders were analysed exploratorily.

Results indicate more dysfunctional emotion regulation in anxious and depressive adolescents compared to a control group. Neither dysfunctional emotion regulation in sum, nor single strategies differentiated between the two disorder groups.

Identification and modification of dysfunctional emotion regulation in anxious and depressive adolescents can support future prevention and intervention.

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