Stakeholders in sustainable tourism development and their roles: applying stakeholder theory to sustainable tourism development
ABSTRACT Sustainability has become an important topic and concept in relation to tourism planning and development. For sustainable tourism development to be successful stakeholders must be involved in the process. The questions that should be considered though are: (1) who should be considered stakeholders in tourism development, and (2) how should planners and developers involve stakeholders in the development of tourism? In order to provide answers to these questions this paper investigated sustainable tourism development and how stakeholder inclusion and involvement are incorporated in the basic concept of sustainable tourism development. This investigation was accomplished by reviewing and drawing conclusions from the literature. The discussion includes thoughts from both management and public participation perspectives. So who should be involved in the sustainable tourism development process? Based on the definitions that are used for sustainability and sustainable tourism four distinct groups are identified; the present visitors, future visitors, present host community, and future host community.
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ABSTRACT: Tourism is one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the world. It is an increasingly important source of income, employment and wealth in many countries. Rural international tourism now accounts for a larger share of foreign exchange receipts and export earnings than any other industry in the world. But, while tourism provides considerable economic benefits for many countries, regions and communities, its rapid expansion has also had detrimental environmental and social-cultural impacts. This paper discusses issues of sustainability and rural tourism and Using a qualitative research approach, it investigates the experiences of one particular village which is located nearby to Persian gulf already and popular with visitors and has featured in official tourism development plans. The focus is on the reactions of residents and their perceptions of tourism impacts and formal policies. Findings indicate that villagers are concerned about the use of local natural and cultural resources for tourism purposes, recognizing negative consequences which seem to them to outweigh the positive effects that finally can lead strategies to bring in sustainable development policies .
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ABSTRACT: One of the great truisms in political science and public policy is that the state’s authority in societal governance is waning. Underlying the call for collaborative governance is the idea that no single institution has all the required resources to deal with contemporary issues which are highly complex, dynamic and diverse. This research examines the extent of changing governance (re)arrangement in Ghana focusing on the tourism sector of the Central Region. A qualitative case study method of interviews is used in addition to the concept of collaborative governance, Hall’s (2011) typology of governance and Mandell’s (1999) continuum of collaborative efforts. The research question focuses on the structure of tourism governance and institutional collaboration within the tourism sector. This is because the need to involve the public, private and civil sector stakeholders in governance arrangements is deemed urgent within the tourism sector which is characterised by fragmentation and interdependencies across large geographical spaces. The findings of this research highlight the bias in the current OECD-focused literature by showing that in developing countries the state continues to wield considerable authority in societal governance. The structure of the tourism sector in the Central Region is also shown to be a form of hierarchy with no discernible line of authority between regional level institutions. The research findings also points to a low level of collaboration between tourism institutions in both the public and private sectors resulting in a lack of concerted collaborative effort towards sustainable tourism development within the Central Region of Ghana09/2013, Degree: MA Public Policy-International Development, Supervisor: Prof. Wil Hout and Dr. Robert Kissack
Conference Paper: Sustainable rural tourism development in Iran: A case study of Masouleh[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper discusses issues of sustainability and rural tourism within the context of Iran. Using a qualitative research approach, it investigates the experiences of one particular village which is already popular with visitors and has featured in official tourism development plans. The focus is on the reactions of residents and their perceptions of tourism impacts and formal policies. Findings indicate that villagers are concerned about the use of local natural and cultural resources for tourism purposes, recognizing negative consequences which seem to them to outweigh positive effects. Participation has been very limited in government rural tourism initiatives which are felt to yield few benefits for village inhabitants. Current policies thus appear ineffective and reforms are necessary if the potential for sustainable rural tourism, embracing community engagement, is to be realized.The Second National Conference on Tourism and Ecotourism of Iran, Iran; 07/2013