Challenges and Opportunities for Biodiversity v71-307

ABSTRACT Abstract - Tourism and coastal lines are the business sectors since centuries especially in the European Nations and Albania is one such spots. However, in recent decades tourism is experienced as vulnerability of the surrounding ecological conditions of air, soil, water, land and the communities that are dependant and sharing the ecosystem among flora and fauna. Experts opine that apart from the maintenance of near-originality of ecological biodiversity the tourism rather known as ecotourism an indigenous socio-cultural maintenance of indigenous/traditional knowledge of the local people must be well cared in order to sustain on sustainable grounds. As a general tendency, growth of tourism has been affected by the deterioration in the economic conditions on one aspect and unsustainable ecological areas affected since human interventions earlier to this has negative impact on futuristic tourist spots. However, tourism in Albania as of now is 11% of GDP and coastal regions accounting to 2-4%. An amicable Mediterranean climate with 300 sunny days similar parameters of Greece and Spain throws up sustainable ecotourism in future decades provided public services namely, transportation, road safety, lodging, food availability, recreational regiments, banking accessibility are as per the World Tourism Organizations’ protocols. Thus as of Albanian situation, classification of ecotourism activities to safe-guard the localities with its maintenance of ecological land, water and climate has become a paramount importance with a wanting and satisfactory options through harnessing human energy for profit and fitness of ecological flora and fauna. A check on anthropogenic wastes and their safer utilizations inclusive of agricultural and industrial operations in line with Lalzi Bay Coastal Line are of utmost importance for the reason that the Adriatic Sea Coast is the one long stretch of Albanian Lifeline. The present work is based on the methodology of the sustainable management of the same issue.

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Available from: Prof. Dr. Bashkim Mal Lushaj, Sep 27, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The strong and sustained rise of tourism activity over the past few decades is one of the most remarkable economic, social and cultural phenomena of our time. Recently, tourism has been seriously considered in the national sustainable development strategies of many developing countries and placed on the agenda of many international conferences on Sustainable Development. This paper attempts to look into and evaluate the performance of the tourism sector in the OIC member countries. It aims to identify the problems facing tourism in these countries and propose some policy recommendations for the development of a modern and sustainable tourism industry and strengthening their cooperation in this important area. In addition, the paper sheds light on ecotourism as an important market segment of the tourism industry and presents a brief discussion on the occasion of the "International Year of Ecotourism 2002" and the World Ecotourism Summit held in Québec in 2002.
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    ABSTRACT: The biodiversity and the natural resources are faced with a serious threat due to unsustainable exploitation of anthropogenic activities on one hand and their repercussion effects of pollution (of land, water and atmosphere), soil damage, soil erosion and landslides on the other has posed not-so-easy irreparable conditions along the entire stretch of Lalzi Bay, Durres County, Albania in terms of cost, time and human expertise. These coastal stretches however are one of the Albanian tourism spots that need to be replenished back to its originality - a challenge taken up by the current team. One of the authors, Doçi, from Lura Ltd., with its Lura Resort, established at Lalzi Bay, North of Durres, Albania, is renowned for its still beautiful and unspoilt sandy beaches well known for its seclusion and privacy for the tourists all over the world. The location, Lura Resort with natural and introduced landscaped grounds is a thirty minutes drive from Tirana International Airport; create a time immemorial stunning views of the Dajti Mountain Range makes Lura Resort a perfectly positioned capitalization for Albania. Recent decades have seen (as the cause and effect of several decades of exploitations) most of the emergent issues to be borne as potentially massive risks for the long-term trajectory of coastal environments in terms of sandy ecological perspectives and the coastal forest ranges with its diversified flora and fauna, not to least the adverse effects of climate change due to global warming gases (GHGs). Although Albania has taken rapid strides in alternations and mitigation and diverting the due causes based on motivated investments in terms of research and management, yet due to economic constraints, the upliftment of Lalzi Bay currently demands International attention (on monetary grounds) at large apart from local, regional and national work enforcement as mandatory issues taken up within the scientific-technological-engineering faculties of Albania. Current facets of ecological sustainability Concurrently, awareness raising and capacity building systems are being developed and being implemented, to ensure long-term ecological sustainable impacts and effects. One such aspect is the Ecotourism for its dual role for the nation as returns in terms of money and returns in terms of sustainable ecological biodiversity. As methods and methodologies model initiatives and model activities are being ensured but on limited and slow steps against vast ecological destructions already existing. Ecotourism As the name indicates ecotourism establishes and sustains on the grounds of near-naturalness of the ecological stability with its originality even though the stretch utilized as tourism spots as revenue generating units. Thus ecotourism is meant as ecologically sustainable tourism. The primary focus of ecotourism is based on the followings:  Experiences of the still existing natural areas and to foster environmental, cultural understandings.  Appreciation of the conservation methodologies based on traditional indigenous locals.  Conservation to its near-naturalness.  Protective assemblages in lines of land, water and atmosphere.  Research and development in lines of biodiversity.  Data records of man-made mistakes and steps to be implantable to revert back.  Distribution of returns for conservation purposes as well as to regional and local stakeholders. Ecotourism while still at a relatively modest level of development in the region shall provide opportunities as well as challenges for the conservation and sustainable wise use of biodiversity along with manmade resources. Environmentally sustainable investments in the ecotourism sector produce vital benefits to local communities and provide an important and viable alternative investments with positive perspectives not only in lines of business as tourism but also conserves biodiversity. However, the negative and/or positive impacts needs to be watched and reassembled with time and space; that can be achieved through the development of new and innovative eco-engineering management systems with a special focal point of ecotourism Vs ecological sustainability based on natural biological spheres that exist in accordance to soil-water-climate. Henceforth, the current team of experts discusses the modus operandi for its dual role as economical returns in line with ecological wants for the sustainable benefits of Albanian Nation. Challenges and opportunities Project “Challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of ecotourism in Lalzi Bay, Durres County, Albania” has been developed and it is continuing in the framework of the project. The document is a working document that will be used by the project partners as guidance for the sustainable development of ecotourism and biodiversity management plans. At the end of the project, the project partners have compiled and will compile a serious of case studies on their experiences with the implementation of the methodology provided in the guide. The case studies will provide examples and experiences from the practice of success and failure of ecotourism and conservation management planning in the region of the Lalzi Bay, Durres County, Albania. This book, in the form of a methodology guide with a concrete example by Lalzi Bay, Durres County, Albania will cover the fundamental natural, economic and social sciences for estuaries, coasts and marine areas and emphasis the links to the integrated and sustainable management of these areas. Following the success of the renowned book, training and workshops, the authors undisputed issues in Coastal Science and Management will bring together researchers, environmental managers, policy makers, pedagogues, and graduate students to present research results, explore collaborations and to spark new ideas, with the aim of learning about marine, coastal and transitional systems worldwide, catching up on leading-edge techniques and, lastly, appreciating the constraints of the science and the management, in particular for new industry, ecotourism in Lalzi Bay, Durres County, Albania.
    Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism Conference 2012; 09/2012