Unique Case of Giant Adult Paratesticular Spindle Cell Rhabdomyosarcoma
ABSTRACT A 50-year-old unmarried rural man was referred for a giant painless scrotal lump which had developed over a period of about six years. At the admission physical examination disclosed a large swelling scrotum and palpable left supraclavicular lymph nodes. Blood counts, renal and hepatic function tests, lactate dehydrogenase, beta-HCG, and alpha-fetoprotein were normal. Computed tomographic scan of thorax and abdomen revealed supraclavicular, mediastinal, and retroperitoneal adenopathies. The patient underwent right-sided radical orchiectomy. The final pathological diagnosis was paratesticular spindle cell rhabdomyosarcoma. Unfortunately, few days after surgery, patient presented a clinical and laboratory picture of disseminated intravascular coagulation followed by exitus.
SourceAvailable from: Abdelghani Ammani
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ABSTRACT: We report our experience with 8 consecutive adults treated for paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) at a single institution between 2000 and 2010. After primary surgical excision, 7 patients were classified into group I according to the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group (IRSG) Postsurgical Grouping Classification, and 1 patient into group IIB. Retroperitoneal node dissection was not a required staging procedure. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to 7 of the 8 patients. No additional radiotherapy was administered. The median age at diagnosis was 24 years (range: 18-60). Embryonal histology was the most common (75%) subtype. During follow-up, 3 patients experienced local relapse and 5 distant relapse. The median progression-free and overall survival times were 17.0 ± 9.9 months (range: 5-31) and 27.3 ± 1.3 months (range: 16-58), respectively. Paratesticular RMS is an uncommon malignancy in adults. We confirm that patients with localized paratesticular RMS may have different prognoses. Retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy can be avoided as a treatment for paratesticular RMS after radical inguinal orchiectomy.Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada 02/2012; 6(1):42-5. DOI:10.5489/cuaj.11121 · 1.92 Impact Factor