Can CD10 be used as a diagnostic marker in thyroid pathology?
ABSTRACT CD10-common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen is a membrane-bound zinc metalloproteinase that is expressed by different hematopoietic cell types at unique stages of lymphoid and myeloid differentiation. It was reported to be expressed in various nonlymphoid cells and tissue, as well as in various types of neoplasms. Recently, it has been found to be useful in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant follicular-patterned lesions of the thyroid. In the present study, we evaluated the staining pattern of CD10 in various thyroid lesions, including 14 benign and 61 malignant cases, as well as in adjacent thyroid tissue. CD10 was negative in normal thyroid tissue, adenomatous nodules, minimally invasive follicular carcinoma, and well-differentiated carcinoma. It was expressed in nine of 14 (64.2%) conventional papillary carcinomas, four of 24 (16.6%) follicular variant of papillary carcinomas, three of six (50%) papillary microcarcinomas, one of nine (11.1%) widely invasive follicular carcinomas, and three of ten (30%) follicular adenomas. In contrast to results of previous studies, CD10 is not useful in the classification of thyroid follicular lesions as benign or malignant, but it shows strong positivity in conventional papillary carcinoma.
- International Journal of Surgical Pathology 08/2000; 8(3):181-183. · 0.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The immunohistochemical expression of cytokeratin 19 (CK 19) and galectin-3 was evaluated in 69 thyroid lesions to assess their potential as markers in the diagnosis and classification of thyroid malignancy. The following were studied: 26 cases of papillary carcinoma, 12 of follicular carcinoma, 20 follicular adenomas, two medullary carcinomas, one anaplastic carcinoma and eight multinodular goitres. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded thyroid tissues were stained immunohistochemically for both CK 19 and galectin-3. CK 19 expression was found in all 26 papillary carcinomas, five of 12 follicular carcinomas, two of two medullary carcinomas and one case of anaplastic carcinoma. Only five of 20 follicular adenomas were positive for CK 19, and this was in a focal distribution. Two of eight multinodular goitres stained focally positive. Galectin-3 expression was found in 22 of 26 papillary carcinomas, 12 of 12 follicular carcinomas and one of two cases of medullary carcinoma. Only two of 20 follicular adenomas were positive. Three of eight multinodular goitres showed focal galectin-3 expression. Our findings suggest that the immunohistochemical localization of CK 19 and of galectin-3 is a useful adjunct to the histopathological diagnosis of a solitary thyroid lesion. The expression of CK 19 favours a diagnosis of papillary carcinoma in all its variant patterns. Galectin-3 may serve as a marker for the recognition of follicular carcinoma, particularly the minimally invasive form.Histopathology 10/2002; 41(3):236-43. · 2.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The prevalence of H-RAS, K-RAS, and N-RAS gene mutations in thyroid tumors according to malignancy and histology is controversial. Differences in methodology and histological classifications may explain discrepant results. To address this issue, we first performed a pooled analysis of 269 mutations garnered from 39 previous studies. Mutations proved significantly less frequent when detected with direct sequencing than without (12.3% vs. 17%). The rate of mutation involving N-RAS exon 1 (N1) and K-RAS exon 2 (K2) was less than 1%. Mutations of codon 61 of N-RAS (N2) were significantly more frequent in follicular tumors (19%) than in papillary cancers (5%) and significantly more frequent in malignant (25%) than in benign (14%) tumors. H-RAS mutations in codons 12/13 (H1) were found in 2-3% of all types of tumors, but H-RAS mutations in codon 61 (H2) were observed in only 1.4% of tumors, and almost all of them were malignant. K-RAS mutations in exon 1 were found more often in papillary than follicular cancers (2.7% vs. 1.6%) and were sometimes correlated with special epidemiological circumstances. The second part of this study involved analysis of 80 follicular tumors from patients living in Marseille (France) and Kiev (Ukraine). We used direct sequencing after PCR amplification of exons 1 and 2 of the three RAS genes. Common and atypical adenomas were separated using strict cytological criteria. Mutations of H1-RAS were found in 12.5% of common adenomas and one follicular carcinoma (2.9%). Mutations of N2-RAS occurred in 23.3% and 17.6% of atypical adenomas and follicular carcinomas, respectively. These results confirm the predominance of N2-RAS mutations in thyroid follicular tumors and their correlation with malignancy. They support the implication of N2-RAS mutations in the malignant progression of thyroid follicular tumors and the assumption that some atypical adenomas are precursors of follicular carcinomas.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 07/2003; 88(6):2745-52. · 6.43 Impact Factor