Biophysical foundations underlying TMS: Setting the stage for an effective use of neurostimulation in the cognitive neurosciences

Highland Instruments, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
Cortex (Impact Factor: 6.04). 11/2008; 45(9):1025-34. DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2008.10.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) induces electrical currents in the brain to stimulate neural tissue. This article reviews our present understanding of TMS methodology, focusing on its biophysical foundations. We concentrate on how the laws of electromagnetic induction apply to TMS; addressing issues such as the location, area (i.e., focality), depth, and mechanism of TMS. We also present a review of the present limitations and future potential of the technique.


Available from: Richard J Rushmore, May 09, 2015
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