Low doses of controlled-release paroxetine in the treatment of late-life depression: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Department of Psychiatry, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90048, USA.
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 5.81). 12/2008; 70(1):46-57. DOI: 10.4088/JCP.06m02996
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of low daily doses of controlled-release (CR) paroxetine in patients with late-life depression.
This was a 10-week, multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind, fixed-dose trial randomly assigning patients >or= 60 years old to daily doses of paroxetine CR 12.5 mg (N = 168), paroxetine CR 25 mg (N = 177), or placebo (N = 180). Patients had major depressive disorder (DSM-IV criteria) and 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) total scores of >or= 18. The primary efficacy variable was the change from baseline to study endpoint in total HAM-D scores. The study was conducted from June 2003 to October 2004.
The drug/placebo difference in HAM-D change from baseline at study endpoint was -1.8 (95% CI = -3.41 to -0.19, p = .029) for paroxetine CR 12.5 mg, and -3.3 (95% CI = -4.84 to -1.68, p < .001) for paroxetine CR 25 mg. A significantly larger percentage of patients achieved remission (HAM-D total score <or= 7 at endpoint) with paroxetine CR 25 mg (41%), but not with 12.5 mg (31%), as compared with placebo (28%) (p = .008). Both doses of paroxetine CR also achieved statistical significance compared to placebo for the Clinical Global Impressions-Severity of Illness scale (p < .01) and the patient-rated measures of depression severity (p < .05) and quality of life (p <or= .001). Both active treatments were generally well tolerated, with adverse event withdrawal rates of 6%, 8%, and 7% for paroxetine CR 12.5 mg, paroxetine CR 25 mg, and placebo, respectively.
These data demonstrate that paroxetine CR 12.5 mg and 25 mg daily are efficacious and well tolerated in the treatment of major depressive disorder in patients >or= 60 years of age, although effect sizes are relatively smaller with the 12.5 mg/day dose.

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