Risk stratification for venous thromboembolism in hospitalized patients in a developing country: a prospective study.
ABSTRACT Venous Thrombo-Embolism (VTE) is a serious complication in hospitalized patients but can be preventable. This prospective study addresses risk factors assessment and the use of heparin in this population. About 2,496 non pediatric patients were admitted to Jordan University Hospital between June 12, 2007 and July 19, 2007. A random sample of 624 patients consisting of every fourth admission was chosen. The stratification of risk factors was assessed using Caprini model and the ACCP score. The mean age of the patients (229 males and 395 females) was 45.34 +/- 18.3 years. More than 80% of the admitted patients were considered at high risk for VTE but heparin was used in only 26% of the patients. The majority of our patients constitute a high-risk population. Implementation of strategies including educational sessions and risk stratification guidelines can reduce the incidence, morbidity, and mortality of VTE especially in developing countries.
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ABSTRACT: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major public health issue that is frequently underestimated. The primary objective of this multinational survey was to identify patients at risk for VTE, and to define the rate of patients receiving appropriate prophylaxis in the Middle Eastern region. Standardized case report forms were filled by trained individuals on one predefined day in selected hospitals. Data were then entered and analyzed by independent biostatisticians. Risk was categorized according to American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) guidelines, 2004. Logistic regressions were carried out to assess factors that determined VTE prophylaxis. 845 (37%) medical and 1421 (63%) surgical patients were eligible for the study. Patients were at low (4.2%), moderate (51.7%), high (9%) and very high risk (35.2%) for VTE. Any VTE prevention was given in 17.9, 41.7, 60.6 and 66.9% of respective risk categories, while ACCP guidelines were applied in 86.3, 41.1, 48.3 and 24.5% of these categories. Surgical patient type, immobility on admission, and contraceptive use were the most important drivers of VTE prophylaxis in those who were eligible to it (OR ≥ 2). Surgical patient type, immobility during hospitalization, existence of a VTE protocol and chronic heart failure were the most important drivers for VTE prophylaxis application in patients who were not eligible for it (OR ≥ 3). A concordance κ value of 0.16 was found between eligibility for VTE prophylaxis on one hand and its application in practice (P < 0.001). Risk factors for VTE and eligibility for VTE prophylaxis are common, but VTE prophylaxis and guidelines application are low.Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 01/2011; 31(1):47-56. · 1.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major health issue worldwide. Data about VTE prophylaxis practices in developing countries are scarce. Objectives The primary objectives of this survey were to define the VTE risk factors in hospitalized patients, to determine the rates of VTE prophylaxis administration and guideline compliance and to assess the effects of an educational program on VTE prophylaxis practices in Iran. Patients and Methods Data on 1219 patients from twenty hospitals in Iran were extracted from the AVAIL-ME Extension project main databank. VTE risks were categorized according to the Caprini Risk Assessment Model. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to assess factors influencing VTE prophylaxis. We also examined the impact of an educational program which consisted of awareness, risk assessment, internal protocol implementation and re-assessment, on VTE prophylaxis practices. Results Of 1219 patients, 789 (65%) and 430 (35%) were surgical and medical, respectively. VTE risks, categorized in low, moderate, high and very high were detected in 14%, 17%, 26% and 43% of patients respectively with a total of 1042(85%) patients being at risk for VTE. Of 882 (85%) eligible patients for VTE prophylaxis, 737 (83.5%) received any drug prophylaxis of whom 265 (62%) were medical and 472 (60%) were surgical. ACCP guidelines compliance was 60% and 33% in surgical and medical patients respectively. Any VTE prevention, drug prophylaxis, mechanical prophylaxis and guideline adherence were, 48% vs. 64%, 45% vs. 60%, 6% vs. 9% and 34% vs. 45% respectively (p < 00.1) before and after implementation of the VTE educational program. Conclusions Despite an overall improvement in VTE prevention, areas such as inappropriate use of VTE prophylaxis in a large number of patients, significant under-use of mechanical devices and guideline adherence require closer attention. VTE awareness education is beneficial in improving VTE prophylaxis in Iran.Thrombosis Research 01/2014; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major worldwide problem. The primary objectives of this survey were to identify patients at risk for VTE, to define the rate of patients receiving appropriate VTE prophylaxis and to examine the frequency of the presence of guidelines and their application. Ten countries, 101 hospitals and a total of 4983 patients were included in this multinational cross-sectional survey. Standardized case report forms were filled out by trained individuals on one predefined day. Risks were categorized according to the Caprini Risk Assessment Model. Logistic regressions were carried out to assess factors that determined VTE prophylaxis. Of 4983 patients, 3368 (68%) and 1615 (32%) were surgical and medical, respectively. Seven hundred and seventy-two (15.5%) were considered to be at low risk, 1001 (20%) at moderate risk, 1289 (26%) at high risk and 1921 (38.5%) at very high risk for VTE. Of 3575 (72%) patients who were eligible to receive VTE prophylaxis, 2747 (77%) received any drug prophylaxis. Among these patients 720/1056 (68%) and 2027/2519 (80%) were medical and surgical patients, respectively. The overall compliance with ACCP guidelines was 38%, being 24% for medical patients and 44% for surgical patients. The results of this large multinational survey, although indicating overall improvement in VTE prophylaxis, identify a considerable number of patients who either did not receive any VTE prophylaxis or received it inappropriately. Although more medical patients were at risk for VTE, they were given prophylaxis less frequently than surgical patients. Concordance with VTE prophylaxis guidelines was higher in surgical patients, but overall application of these tools was unacceptably low.Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 05/2011; 9(7):1340-9. · 6.08 Impact Factor