Article

Cloning and expression of a new recombinant thrombolytic and anthithrombotic agent - a staphylokinase variant.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland.
Acta biochimica Polonica (Impact Factor: 1.19). 12/2008; 56(1):41-53.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To develop a more potent antithrombin agent with thrombolytic and antiplatelet properties, a new staphylokinase (SAK) variant was constructed. The kringle 2 domain (K2) of tissue type-plasminogen activator (t-PA) containing a fibrin-specific binding site (i), the RGD sequence (Arg-Gly-Asp) for the prevention of platelet aggregation (ii) and the antithrombotic agent - hirulog (iii) was assembled to the C-terminal part of recombinant staphylokinase (r-SAK). cDNA for the hybrid protein SAK-RGD-K2-Hirul was cloned into Pichia pastoris pPIC9K yeast expression vector. The introduction of K2 t-PA, the RGD sequence and hirulog into the C-terminus of r-SAK did not alter the staphylokinase activity. We observed a higher clot lysis potency of SAK-RGD-K2-Hirul as evidenced by a faster and more profound lysis of (125)I-labeled human fibrin clots. The potency of thrombin inhibition by the hirulog C-terminal part of the recombinant fusion protein was almost identical to that of r-Hir alone. These results suggest that the SAK-RGD-K2-Hirul construct can be a more potent and faster-acting thrombolytic agent with better antithrombin and antiplatelet properties compared to r-SAK and SAK-RGD-K2-Hir.

1 Bookmark
 · 
250 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Reocclusion is one of the major root causes for secondary complications that arise during thrombolytic therapy. A multifunctional staphylokinase variant SRH (staphylokinase (SAK) linked with tripeptide RGD and didecapeptide Hirulog) with antiplatelet and antithrombin activities in addition to clot specific thrombolytic function, was developed to address the reocclusion problem. We preferred to use Escherichia coli GJ1158 as the host in this study for economic production of SRH by osmotic (0.3 mol/L sodium chloride) induction, to overcome the problems associated with the yeast expression system. The therapeutic potential of SRH was evaluated in the murine model of vascular thrombosis. The SAK protein (1 mg/kg body mass) and SRH protein (1 mg/kg and 2 mg/kg) were administered intravenously to the different treatment groups. The results have shown a dose-dependent antithrombotic effect in carrageenan-induced mouse tail thrombosis. The thrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and prothrombin time were significantly prolonged (p < 0.05) in the SRH-infused groups. Moreover, SRH inhibited platelet aggregation in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05), while the bleeding time was significantly (p < 0.05) prolonged. All of these results inferred that the osmotically produced multifunctional fusion protein SRH (SAK-RGD-Hirulog) is a promising thrombolytic agent, and one which sustained its multifunctionality in the animal models.
    Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 10/2013; 91(10):839-47. · 1.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stroke is usually treated by systemic thrombolytic therapy if the patient presents within an appropriate time window. There is also widespread interest in the development of thrombolytic agents that can be used in cases of delayed presentation. Current agents that can be used in cases of delayed presentation of nerve damage by thrombus. Current systemic thrombolytic therapy is associated with adverse effects such as fibrinogenolysis and bleeding. In an attempt to increase the efficacy, safety, and specificity of thrombolytic therapy, a number of targeted thrombolytic agents have been studied in recent years. This review focuses on the concepts underlying targeted thrombolytic therapy and describes recent drug developments in this field.
    Neural Regeneration Research 07/2014; 9(13):1316-22. · 0.14 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The thrombolytic therapy with clinically approved drugs often ensues with recurrent thrombosis caused by thrombin-induced platelet aggregation from the clot debris. In order to minimize these problems, a staphylokinase (SAK)-based bacterial friendly multifunctional recombinant protein SRH (staphylokinase (SAK) linked with tripeptide RGD and dodecapeptide Hirulog (SRH)) was constructed to have Hirulog as an antithrombin agent and RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) as an antiplatelet agent in the present study. This multifunctional fusion protein SRH was expressed in osmotically inducible E. coli GJ1158 as soluble form and purified with a yield of 0.27 g/L and functionally characterized in vitro. SRH retained the fibrinolytic activity and plasminogen activation rate comparable to the parental counterpart SAK. The antithrombin activity of SRH was significantly higher than SAK. The platelet rich clot lysis assay indicated that SRH had enhanced platelet binding activity and T 50% and C50 of SRH were significantly lower than that of SAK. Furthermore, SRH inhibited the ADP-induced platelet aggregation in dose-dependent manner while SAK had no significant effect on platelet aggregation. Thus, the current study suggests that the SAK variant produced from osmotically inducible GJ1158 is more potent thrombolytic agent with antithrombin and antiplatelet aggregation activities for reduction of reocclusion in thrombolytic therapy.
    BioMed Research International 01/2013; 2013:297305. · 2.71 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
570 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014