Article

Metastatic colorectal cancer to a primary thyroid cancer

Department of Nuclear Medicine, the Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Melbourne Victoria 3004, Australia.
World Journal of Surgical Oncology (Impact Factor: 1.2). 12/2008; 6:122. DOI: 10.1186/1477-7819-6-122
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Metastatic malignancy to the thyroid gland is generally uncommon due to an unfavourable local thyroid micro-environment which impairs the ability of metastatic cells to settle and thrive. Metastases to the thyroid gland have however been reported to occur occasionally particularly if there has been disruption to normal thyroid tissue architecture.
We report a patient with a history of surgically resected rectal adenocarcinoma who presents with a rising serum CEA level and an 18F-FDG PET scan positive thyroid nodule which was subsequently confirmed at surgery to be a focus of metastatic rectal adenocarcinoma within a primary poorly differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma.Subsequent treatment involved right hemi-thyroidectomy, pulmonary wedge resection of oligometastatic metastatic colorectal cancer and chemotherapy.
Metastatic rectal carcinoma to the thyroid gland and in particular to a primary thyroid malignancy is rare and unusual. Prognosis is likely to be more dependent on underlying metastatic disease rather than the primary thyroid malignancy hence primary treatments should be tailored towards treating and controlling metastatic disease and less emphasis placed on the primary thyroid malignancy.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Sarah Swain, Aug 03, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
152 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although clinically evident metastases of nonthyroid malignancies (NTMs) to the thyroid gland are uncommon, it is important to suspect them in patients who present with a new thyroid mass and a history, however far back, of prior malignancy. In fact, metastases from NTMs to the thyroid gland have been reported in 1.4%-3% of all patients who have surgery for suspected cancer in the thyroid gland. Here we review the literature over the last decade regarding this topic. Based on recent literature, the most common NTMs that metastasize to the thyroid gland are renal cell (48.1%), colorectal (10.4%), lung (8.3%), and breast carcinoma (7.8%), and sarcoma (4.0%). Metastases of NTMs to the thyroid are more common in women than men (female to male ratio=1.4 to 1) and in nodular thyroid glands (44.2%). The mean and median intervals between diagnosing NTMs and their metastases to thyroid gland are 69.9 and 53 months, respectively. In 20% of cases the diagnosis of the NTM and its metastases to the thyroid was synchronous. Recent reports indicate that there is a higher frequency of sarcoma metastasizing to the thyroid gland than reported in prior years. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thyroid masses is useful in diagnosis of thyroid metastases. However, this requires information about the NTM so that the proper antibodies can be used for immunohistochemical analysis; therefore it is of lesser utility if the NTM is occult. In patients with preexisting thyroid pathology the FNAB diagnosis can be more difficult due to more than one lesion being present. It is important to keep in mind that the thyroid gland can be a site of metastases for a variety of tumors when evaluating a thyroid nodule, especially in a patient with a prior history of malignancy. In patients with thyroid lesions and a history of malignant disease, regardless of time elapsed since the initial diagnosis of the primary neoplasm, disease recurrence or progression of malignancy must be considered until proven otherwise.
    Thyroid: official journal of the American Thyroid Association 03/2012; 22(3):258-68. DOI:10.1089/thy.2010.0154 · 3.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The thyroid gland is an uncommon site for metastatic disease but cases have been well-documented in the literature, particularly in autopsy series. A retrospective review of surgical pathology and autopsy pathology database for patients with metastatic carcinoma to the thyroid was performed at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center between January 1993 to January 2013. We identified a total of 10 patients with metastatic carcinoma to the thyroid; 6 were in surgical pathology specimens out of a total of 1,295 thyroid carcinoma (0.46 %) and 4 were diagnosed at autopsy out of a total of 2,117 (0.19 %) autopsy cases during this period. Cases with direct extension of the tumor into the thyroid from local primary sites such as larynx, esophagus or soft tissues of the neck were excluded. The primary tumors in these cases comprised of four lung carcinomas, three colorectal carcinomas, a renal cell carcinoma, a pleural malignant mesothelioma, and an unknown primary. Therefore, it is important to keep intrathyroidal metastases in the differential diagnosis when evaluating a thyroid nodule, particularly in patients with a previous history of malignancy. Furthermore, a literature review reveals over 1,400 cases have been previously reported, with the most common malignancies from the kidney (34 %), lung (15 %), gastrointestinal tract (14 %), and breast (14 %).
    Endocrine Pathology 07/2013; 24(3). DOI:10.1007/s12022-013-9257-8 · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Colorectal Disease 04/2014; 29(6). DOI:10.1007/s00384-014-1865-3 · 2.42 Impact Factor
Show more