Colonisation with vancomycin- and linezolid-resistant Enterococcus faecium in a university hospital: molecular epidemiology and risk factor analysis.
ABSTRACT During a hospital-wide prospective point prevalence survey of faecal carriage and environmental colonisation of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in a tertiary care university hospital in Athens (Greece), five clinical and one environmental isolate from a light switch (all in the haematology ward) were identified as vancomycin- and linezolid-resistant vanA-positive Enterococcus faecium (VLRE). The studied isolates exhibited a linezolid minimum inhibitory concentration of 12microg/mL and carried at least one mutated copy of the 23S rRNA gene, as shown by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis to detect the G2576T mutation. The enterococcal surface protein (esp) gene was detected by PCR in all isolates. Molecular typing with pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) showed that the environmental and four of the five clinical isolates were genetically related. None of the colonised patients were previously exposed to linezolid, although heavy linezolid use was noted in the institution. A case-control study was performed to assess risk factors for VLRE colonisation. In univariate analysis, immunodeficiency, underlying haematological malignancy, duration of any antimicrobial treatment before VLRE isolation, and hospitalisation in the haematology ward were pointed out as possible risk factors. A multidisciplinary approach including intensified hand hygiene, patient contact isolation, disinfection of the inanimate environment and antibiotic restriction resulted in early containment of the VLRE colonisation outbreak.
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ABSTRACT: A relatively high rate of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium not susceptible to linezolid was observed in intensive care unit patients. Linezolid-resistant isolates carried the G2576T mutation in the 23S rRNA gene, belonged to different clones, and shared the same allelic profile, which clusters in the C1 multilocus sequence typing epidemic lineage.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 04/2006; 44(3):1153-5. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We examined the frequency of acquisition of bacterial pathogens on investigators' hands after contacting environmental surfaces near hospitalized patients. Hand imprint cultures were positive for one or more pathogens after contacting surfaces near 34 (53%) of 64 study patients, with Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus being the most common isolates.Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 03/2004; 25(2):164-7. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Of two patients in the same intensive care unit who were treated with linezolid, one yielded linezolid-resistant Enterococcus faecalis, whereas the other yielded linezolid-resistant Enterococcus faecium. In each case, molecular typing indicated that the resistant isolates were related to linezolid-susceptible isolates from the same patient, but differed from them by the same G2576U ribosomal RNA mutation. This is the first clinical case report of emerging resistance to linezolid among Enterococcus faecalis and also the first report of resistance involving vancomycin-susceptible rather than vancomycin-resistant enterococci. The linezolid-resistant isolates showed cross-resistance to the experimental oxazolidinone AZD2563, suggesting that oxazolidinone resistance might be a class effect.European Journal of Clinical Microbiology 11/2002; 21(10):751-4. · 3.02 Impact Factor