A neutrophil elastase inhibitor, sivelestat, improved respiratory and cardiac function in pediatric cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.
ABSTRACT Several reports indicate that a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, sivelestat, may have prophylactic efficacy against a systemic inflammatory response after cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We evaluated the clinical pulmonary and cardiac effects of sivelestat.
We performed a retrospective study of 25 pediatric patients who underwent elective cardiovascular surgery with CPB for ventricular septal defect with pulmonary hypertension. Ten patients received 0.2 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) sivelestat; the other is patients were the control group. There were no significant differences in demographic characteristics between the two groups. The P(a)O(2)/fractional inspired oxygen (F(I)O(2); P/F) ratio, the respiratory index (RI), and the fractional area change (FAC) of the left ventricle (LV) in the postoperative course were measured.
The P/F ratio was higher in the sivelestat group compared with the control group and there were significant differences between the two groups immediately after weaning form CPB, and at 12 h after weaning from CPB (P < 0.05). The RI was lower in the sivelestat group compared with the control group and there were significant differences between the two groups at immediately after weaning from CPB, and at 6 h and 12 h after CPB (P < 0.05). The FAC of the LV was significantly better in the sivelestat group and there was a significant difference between the two groups on postoperative day (POD) 3 (P < 0.05).
We have shown that pediatric patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery with CPB who received sivelestat had a higher P/F ratio, a lower RI, and better FAC of the LV in the postoperative course.
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ABSTRACT: Post-operative pulmonary complications such as systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are strongly associated with morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy. Post-operative administration of sivelestat sodium hydrate (sivelestat), a selective inhibitor of neutrophil elastase (NE), has been shown to improve the post-operative clinical course after esophagectomy. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of prophylactic administration of sivelestat on bronchial inflammatory responses. We randomized 24 patients into two groups. One group received 0.2 mg/kg/h sivelestat from the induction of anesthesia to post-operative day 1 (sivelestat group) and the other group received the same amount of physiological saline (control group). Bronchial alveolar epithelial lining fluid (ELF) samples were obtained from both groups at the induction of anesthesia and at the end of surgery. The serum and ELF levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and NE activity was spectrophotometrically determined using the same samples. Although IL-6 levels in the ELF significantly increased at the end of surgery compared with the pre-operative levels in both groups, the IL-8 levels and NE activity did not significantly increase at the end of the surgery compared to the corresponding pre-operative values in the sivelestat group. Moreover, IL-8 levels and NE activity in the ELF were significantly reduced at the end of surgery in the sivelestat group compared with corresponding values in the control group. The durations of ALI and ARDS were apparently shorter in the sivelestat group and the duration of SIRS was significantly shorter in the sivelestat group compared to the control group. We demonstrated that prophylactic use of sivelestat mitigated bronchial inflammation by suppressing NE activity and IL-8 levels in the ELF and shortened the duration of SIRS after transthoracic esophagectomy.International Journal of Molecular Medicine 08/2011; 28(2):187-92. · 1.98 Impact Factor