Tubulocystic carcinoma of the kidney: clinicopathologic analysis of 31 cases of a distinctive rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma.
ABSTRACT A distinctive tumor described under the terms Bellini duct carcinoma and low-grade collecting duct carcinoma has been referred to by us and others as tubulocystic carcinoma. This renal cell carcinoma subtype is not recognized in the World Health Organization 2004 classification. Herein, we present a detailed study of 31 cases to further characterize this rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma. The tumor occurred in adults (mean age, 54 years) with a strong male predominance (7:1). Grossly, the tumors ranged from 0.7 to 17 cm, and exhibited a spongy or "bubble wrap" appearance reflecting the microscopic presence of variably sized cystically dilated tubules lined by a single layer of epithelium. The lining varied with a cuboidal, flat, and hobnail cell appearance, and the neoplastic cells had abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and enlarged nuclei with prominent nucleoli. The cysts were closely spaced with an intervening variably fibrotic stroma. Immunohistochemistry and ultrastructural examination showed features of proximal convoluted tubules (Pax 2 immunoreactivity and short microvilli with brush border organization) and distal nephron (kidney-specific cadherin immunoreactivity and cytoplasmic interdigitation). Gene expression profiling showed that tubulocystic carcinoma displayed a unique molecular signature. Twenty-four tumors were stage pT1, 4 stage pT2, and 3 stage pT3. Disease progression (median follow-up of 56 months) occurred in 3 patients; 1 with local recurrence, and 2 with distant metastasis to bone and liver. In light of the distinctive clinicopathologic features and a low but definite metastatic potential, this unique subtype of renal cell carcinoma deserves formal recognition in the contemporary classification of renal neoplasms.
Article: Distal nephron neoplasms[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Tumours of the distal nephron are uncommon but can create diagnostic difficulties. They may be divided into three groups-tumours of intercalated cell phenotype, those of principal cell phenotype and others with an unconfirmed distal nephron origin. Oncocytomas, chromophobe carcinoma and hybrid oncocytoma chromophobe carcinoma, all show features of intercalated cells and the distinction amongst these is one of the most common areas of diagnostic dilemma. Collecting duct carcinoma and renal medullary carcinoma are the most aggressive forms of renal cancer but recent evidence suggests they may respond to targeted therapy so their recognition becomes crucial to the management of these patients. There remains debate over the precise phenotype of both tubulocystic carcinoma and mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology 03/2015; 32(2):114-23. DOI:10.1053/j.semdp.2015.02.004 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The classification of renal cell neoplasia is morphologically based; however, this has evolved over the last 35 years with the incorporation of genetic characteristics into the diagnostic features of some tumors. The 2013 Vancouver classification recognized 17 morphotypes of renal parenchymal malignancy and two benign tumors. This classification included the newly established entities tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma (RCC)), acquired cystic disease-associated RCC, clear cell (tubulo) papillary RCC, microphthalmia transcription factor family translocation RCC and hereditary leiomyomatosis RCC syndrome-associated RCC. In addition to these newly described forms of RCC there are a number of novel tumors that are currently recognized as emerging entities. These are likely to be incorporated into subsequent classifications and include thyroid-like follicular RCC, succinate dehydrogenase B mutation-associated RCC, ALK translocation RCC, tuberous sclerosis complex-associated RCC, and RCC with (angio) leiomyomatous stroma. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology 02/2015; 32(2). DOI:10.1053/j.semdp.2015.02.002 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: During the last 30years many advances have been made in kidney tumor pathology. In 1981, 9 entities were recognized in the WHO Classification. In the latest classification of 2004, 50 different types have been recognized. Additional tumor entities have been described since and a wide variety of prognostic parameters have been investigated with variable success; however, much attention has centered upon the importance of features relating to both stage and grade. The International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) recommends after consensus conferences the development of reporting guidelines, which have been adopted worldwide ISUP undertook to review all aspects of the pathology of adult renal malignancy through an international consensus conference to be held in 2012. As in the past, participation in this consensus conference was restricted to acknowledged experts in the field. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.Annales de Pathologie 12/2014; 34(6):448-61. DOI:10.1016/j.annpat.2014.10.003 · 0.29 Impact Factor