Development and characterization of a novel CD34 monoclonal antibody that identifies sheep hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells.
ABSTRACT We and many others have long used sheep as a predictive model system in which to explore stem cell transplantation. Unfortunately, while numerous markers are available to identify and isolate human hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), no reagents exist that allow HSC/progenitors from sheep to be identified or purified, greatly impeding the application of this well-established large animal model to the study of autologous or allogeneic HSC transplantation. The current studies were undertaken to create a monoclonal antibody to sheep CD34 that would enable isolation and study of sheep HSC/progenitors.
A partial cDNA to the extracellular domain of the sheep CD34 antigen was polymerase chain reaction cloned, characterized, and used to genetically immunize mice and create hybridomas.
The resultant monoclonal antibody to sheep CD34 allows flow cytometric detection of sheep HSC/progenitors present within bone marrow, cord blood, and mobilized peripheral blood. Moreover, this antibody can be used to enrich for HSC/progenitors with enhanced in vitro colony-forming potential, and also identifies endothelial cells in situ within paraffin-embedded tissue sections, similarly to antibodies to human CD34.
The availability of this monoclonal antibody recognizing the stem cell antigen CD34 in sheep will greatly facilitate the study of autologous and allogeneic HSC transplantation using this clinically relevant large animal model.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Duygu Dee Harrison-Findik, May 30, 2015
Click to see the full-text of:
Article: Development and characterization of a novel CD34 monoclonal antibody that identifies sheep hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background aims Inadequate engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) after in utero HSC transplantation (IUHSCT) remains a major obstacle for the prenatal correction of numerous hereditary disorders. HSCs express CXCR4 receptors that allow homing and engraftment in response to stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) ligand present in the bone marrow stromal niche. Plerixafor, a mobilization drug, works through the interruption of the CXCR4-SDF-1 axis. Methods We used the fetal sheep large-animal model to test our hypotheses that (i) by administering plerixafor in utero before performing IUHSCT to release fetal HSCs and thus vacating recipient HSC niches, (ii) by using human mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) to immunomodulate and humanize the fetal BM niches and (iii) by increasing the CXCR4+ fraction of CD34+ HSCs, we could improve engraftment. Human cord blood-derived CD34+ cells and human bone marrow-derived MSCs were used for these studies. Results When MSCs were transplanted 1 week before CD34+ cells with plerixafor treatment, we observed 2.80% donor hematopoietic engraftment. Combination of this regimen with additional CD34+ cells at the time of MSC infusion increased engraftment levels to 8.77%. Next, increasing the fraction of CXCR4+ cells in the CD34+ population albeit transplanting at a late gestation age was not beneficial. Our results show engraftment of both lymphoid and myeloid lineages. Conclusions Prior MSC and HSC cotransplantation followed by manipulation of the CXCR4–SDF-1 axis in IUHSCT provides an innovative conceptual approach for conferring competitive advantage to donor HSCs. Our novel approach could provide a clinically relevant approach for enhancing engraftment early in the fetus.Cytotherapy 09/2014; 16(9):1280–1293. DOI:10.1016/j.jcyt.2014.05.025 · 3.10 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hemophilia A (HA) is the most frequent inheritable defect of the coagulation proteins. The current standard of care for patients with HA is prophylactic factor infusion, which is comprised of regular (2-3 times per week) intravenous infusions of recombinant or plasma-derived FVIII to maintain hemostasis. While this treatment has greatly increased the quality of life and lengthened the life expectancy for many HA patients, its high cost, the need for lifelong infusions, and the fact that it is unavailable to roughly 75% of the world's HA patients make this type of treatment far from ideal. In addition, this lifesaving therapy suffers from a high risk of treatment failure due to immune response to the infused FVIII. There is thus a need for novel treatments, such as those using stem cells and/or gene therapy, which have the potential to mediate long-term correction or permanent cure following a single intervention. In the present review, we discuss the clinical feasibility and unique advantages that an in utero approach to treating HA could offer, placing special emphasis on a new sheep model of HA we have developed and on the use of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) as cellular vehicles for delivering the FVIII gene.Frontiers in Pharmacology 01/2014; 5:276. DOI:10.3389/fphar.2014.00276
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Congenital diseases are responsible for over a third of all pediatric hospital admissions. Advances in prenatal screening and molecular diagnosis have allowed the detection of many life-threatening genetic diseases early in gestation. In utero transplantation (IUT) with stem cells could cure affected fetuses but so far in humans, successful IUT using allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), has been limited to fetuses with severe immunologic defects and more recently IUT with allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell transplantation, has improved phenotype in osteogenesis imperfecta. The options of preemptive treatment of congenital diseases in utero by stem cell or gene therapy changes the perspective of congenital diseases since it may avoid the need for postnatal treatment and reduce future costs. Amniotic fluid stem (AFS) cells have been isolated and characterized in human, mice, rodents, rabbit, and sheep and are a potential source of cells for therapeutic applications in disorders for treatment prenatally or postnatally. Gene transfer to the cells with long-term transgenic protein expression is feasible. Recently, pre-clinical autologous transplantation of transduced cells has been achieved in fetal sheep using minimally invasive ultrasound guided injection techniques. Clinically relevant levels of transgenic protein were expressed in the blood of transplanted lambs for at least 6 months. The cells have also demonstrated the potential of repair in a range of pre-clinical disease models such as neurological disorders, tracheal repair, bladder injury, and diaphragmatic hernia repair in neonates or adults. These results have been encouraging, and bring personalized tissue engineering for prenatal treatment of genetic disorders closer to the clinic.Frontiers in Pharmacology 12/2014; 5. DOI:10.3389/fphar.2014.00270