Lens Opacities Classification System III: cataract grading variability between junior and senior staff at a Singapore hospital.
ABSTRACT To test the reliability of the Lens Opacities Classification System III (LOCS III) cataract grading between observers at different levels of ophthalmology experience.
Ophthalmology Department, National University Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.
In this comparative study, a non-ophthalmology trainee, a basic ophthalmology trainee, and an ophthalmology consultant graded cataracts in 28 patients preoperatively. The observers had a meeting to discuss their interpretations of the LOCS III manual to standardize the grading system and then graded 37 additional patients.
There was a statistically significant increase in inter-observer agreement in all 3 LOCS III categories after standardization of the LOCS III system. The kappa values after standardization fell in the moderate (0.41 to 0.60) to substantial (0.61 to 0.80) range. There was no statistically significant relationship between the observer's experience and the kappa values.
There was an increase in inter-observer agreement in all categories after standardization between operators.
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ABSTRACT: To compare the clinical classification of cataract using the Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS) III with the mean values of lens density provided by the Pentacam Scheimpflug System in nuclear cataracts. One hundred and one eyes from 101 patients with age-related nuclear cataract were submitted to clinical examination for lens grading score using LOCS III. According to LOCS III, nuclear opalescence was divided in six groups. Patients were evaluated by the Pentacam Scheimpflug System for the mean lens density using the Pentacam lens densitometry program (PLDP), the Pentacam Nucleus Staging (PNS) mean value and the PNS cataract grading score. A positive correlation between the mean values of lens density and LOCS III classification, considering groups 1 to 5, could be noticed with PLDP and PNS mean value. The mean values between the groups were similar using the PLDP and the PNS mean value. However, when the PNS cataract grading score was evaluated, there was low correspondence with LOCS III classification. Pentacam Scheimpflug device offers an objective measure of the lens nuclear density on nuclear cataracts. PLDP and the PNS mean value were both useful to evaluate age-related nuclear cataract up to LOCS III group 5.Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia 04/2011; 74(2):110-3.
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ABSTRACT: Cataract affects more than 20 million people worldwide and is the leading cause of vision loss. Currently, the phacoemulsification is the most used procedure to extract cataract and recover visual acuity. Optimal phacoemulsification energy is demanded for safety cataract removal. It is well established that the energy value is determined by the cataract hardness. In this study twenty porcine eyes were used as experimental samples. Cataract was induced by an ethanol:2-propanol:formalin solution. A 25 MHz focused transducer has been used to estimate the ultrasound velocity and attenuation. Statistical analysis was performed to compare the different used methodologies and to correlate the different ultrasound parameters with different stages of cataract formation (lens hardness).IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), Dresden, Germany; 10/2012
- Expert Review of Ophthalmology 01/2014; 4(5).