A multicenter survey of re-treatment with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin combination therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis C in Japan
ABSTRACT Aim: This study aimed to clarify the factors associated the efficacy of re-treatment with pegylated interferon (PEG IFN) plus ribavirin combination therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis C who had failed to respond to previous treatment. Methods: One hundred and forty-three patients who had previously shown relapse (n = 79), non-response (n = 34) or intolerance (n = 30) to PEG IFN plus ribavirin were re-treated with PEG IFN plus ribavirin. Results: Twenty-five patients with intolerance to previous treatment completed re-treatment and the sustained virological response (SVR) rates were 55% and 80% for hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 and 2, respectively. On re-treatment of the 113 patients who completed the previous treatment, the SVR rates were 48% and 63% for genotype 1 and 2, respectively. Relapse after previous treatment and a low baseline HCV RNA level on re-treatment were associated with SVR in genotype 1 (P < 0.001). Patients with the interleukin-28B major genotype responded significantly better and earlier to re-treatment, but the difference in the SVR rate did not reach a significant level between the major and minor genotypes (P = 0.09). Extended treatment of 72 weeks raised the SVR rate among the patients who attained complete early virological response but not rapid virological response with re-treatment (72 weeks, 73%, 16/22, vs 48 weeks, 38%, 5/13, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Relapse after previous treatment and a low baseline HCV RNA level have predictive values for a favorable response of PEG IFN plus ribavirin re-treatment for HCV genotype 1 patients. Re-treatment for 72 weeks may lead to clinical improvement for genotype 1 patients with complete early virological response and without rapid virological response on re-treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Host interleukin-28B (IL-28B) genetic variants determine a sustained virological response (SVR) in hepatitis C virus genotype 1 (HCV-1) treatment-naïve patients. Its impact on treatment-experienced Asian patients with peginterferon/ribavirin in is to be elucidated. IL-28B rs8099917 genotype was determined in 70 HCV-1 treatment-experienced patients retreated with 48-week peginterferon/ribavirin. The SVR rate was 60.0% and was significantly higher in previous relapsers than in nonresponders (72.7% and 13.3%, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that the most important factor predictive of an SVR was previous relapse (Odds ratio [OR]/95% confidence interval [CI]: 14.76/2.72–80.06, P = 0.002), followed by the carriage of rs8099917 TT genotype (OR/95% C.I.: 7.67/1.27–46.49, P = 0.03). Comparing to patients with TG/GG genotype, those with TT genotype had significantly higher rates of rapid virological response (29.3% vs 0%, P = 0.03), end-of-treatment virological response (86.2% vs 50.0%, P = 0.01), SVR (69.0% vs 16.7%, P = 0.002), and lower relapse rate (22.0 % vs 66.7%, P = 0.04). The SVR rate was similarly low between previous nonresponders with different rs8099917 genotypes (12.5% vs 14.3%, P = 1). On the contrary, previous relapsers with rs8099917 TT genotype had a significantly higher SVR rate than those who carried rs8099917 TG/GG genotype (78.0 % vs 20.0%, P = 0.02). Stepwise logistic regression analysis revealed that the only factor predictive of an SVR in previous relapsers was the carriage of rs809997 TT genotype (OR/95% CI:18.50/1.82–188.39, P = 0.014). Host IL-28B genetic variants played a role in Asian relapsers but not nonresponders retreated with peginterferon/ribavirin. Direct antiviral agents might be possibly avoidable in Asian relapsers with favorable IL-28B genotype.Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 04/2013; 28(9). DOI:10.1111/jgh.12211 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We devised an extended 72-wk peginterferon-α-2a/ribavirin therapy regimen for the retreatment of highly intractable cases, i.e., 48-wk peginterferon-α-2b/ribavirin therapy-intractable cases. Although 2 cases achieved a rapid virological response to 72-wk peginterferon-α-2a/ribavirin therapy, 1 case failed to achieve a sustained virological response. Although the reason for this difference in the effectiveness of 72-wk peginterferon-α-2a/ribavirin therapy between the cases was unclear, the rebound phenomenon of serum transaminase after 48-wk peginterferon-α-2b/ribavirin therapy and the resultant lower viral load compared to that before 48-wk peginterferon-α-2b/ribavirin therapy might have influenced the treatment outcome. Thus, it may be beneficial to consider the rebound phenomenon of serum transaminase and the changes in viral load resulting from previous interferon-based therapy and then cautiously determine the indication and the timing of the administration of 72-wk peginterferon-α-2a/ribavirin in highly intractable cases. Further studies should be performed to confirm this strategy.World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2013; 19(34):5754-8. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v19.i34.5754 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C (HCV) viremia is unusual (<5%) after successful treatment, defined as sustained virologic response (SVR) or undetectable HCV PCR 12-24 weeks after therapy. We present a case of late virologic relapse (de novo infection excluded by RNA sequencing) after SVR followed by spontaneous viral clearance.Journal of clinical microbiology 10/2013; DOI:10.1128/JCM.01367-13 · 4.23 Impact Factor