The effects of ABCG5/G8 polymorphisms on plasma HDL cholesterol concentrations depend on smoking habit in the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study

The Jean Mayer United States Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
The Journal of Lipid Research (Impact Factor: 4.73). 12/2008; 50(3):565-73. DOI: 10.1194/jlr.P800041-JLR200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) is associated with an increased risk for atherosclerosis, and concentrations are modulated by genetic factors and environmental factors such as smoking. Our objective was to assess whether the association of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at ABCG5/G8 (i18429G>A, i7892T>C, Gln604GluC>G, 5U145A>C, Tyr54CysA>G, Asp19HisG>C, i14222A>G, and Thr400LysC>A) genes with HDL-C differs according to smoking habit. ABCG5/G8 SNPs were genotyped in 845 participants (243 men and 602 women). ABCG5/G8 (i7892T>C, 5U145A>C, Tyr54CysA>G, Thr400LysC>A) SNPs were significantly associated with HDL-C concentrations (P < 0.001-0.013) by which carriers of the minor alleles at the aforementioned polymorphisms and homozygotes for the Thr400 allele displayed lower HDL-C. A significant gene-smoking interaction was found, in which carriers of the minor alleles at ABCG5/G8 (Gln604GluC>G, Asp19HisG>C, i14222A>G) SNPs displayed lower concentrations of HDL-C only if they were smokers (P = 0.001-0.025). Also, for ABCG8_Thr400LysC>A SNP, smokers, but not nonsmokers, homozygous for the Thr400 allele displayed lower HDL-C (P = 0.004). Further analyses supported a significant haplotype global effect on lowering HDL-C (P = 0.002) among smokers. In conclusion, ABCG5/G8 genetic variants modulate HDL-C concentrations, leading to an HDL-C-lowering effect and thereby a potential increased risk for atherosclerosis only in smokers.

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    ABSTRACT: ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 5 (ABCG5) and ABCG8 are members of an ATP-binding cassette transporter superfamily. ABCG5 and ABCG8 variants affected serum levels of cholesterol and were considered as risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). The present control study analyzed ABCG5 and ABCG8 variants in a population for association with the risk of CHD. A total of 417 CHD patients and 267 controls were recruited for genotyping of four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; i.e. i7892T>C in ABCG5 and Tyr54CysA>G, Thr400LysC>A and 5U145A>C in ABCG8) using quantitative PCR high‑resolution melting (qPCR-HRM). Serum lipid levels were measured using an automatic biochemical analyzer. The association of ABCG5/8 variants with lipid levels was analyzed using a Chi-square test. The impact of candidate ABCG5/8 SNPs on CHD was evaluated in a dominant genetic model with stepwise multiple regression analysis. Subgroup analyses were performed with regard to these SNPs, tobacco smoking status, alcohol consumption and gender. Genotypic and allelic frequencies of ABCG8 Thr400LysC>A were significantly different (P<0.05) between CHD patients and controls. CC homozygotes of the ABCG8 Thr400LysC>A SNP had greater triglyceride levels than CA/AA carriers with CHD. Logistic analysis revealed CHD risk was significantly higher in CC homozygotes of ABCG8 Thr400LysC>A than in carriers of the A allele (adjusted P=0.048; OR=2.034; 95% CI=0.983-4.207). Furthermore, there was a significant gene-tobacco smoking interaction. CC homozygotes of ABCG8 Thr400LysC>A SNP had significantly higher triglyceride concentrations (P=0.012) and an increased risk of CHD than tobacco smoking carriers of the A allele. The data from the current study suggested that ABCG8 Thr400LysC>A SNP genetic variants modulated plasma triglyceride levels and thereby affected CHD risk in the population studied. The genetic variant of ABCG8 also contributed to CHD risk through interaction with tobacco smoking.
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