HNF-1β Regulates Transcription of the PKD Modifier Gene Kif12
ABSTRACT Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1beta (HNF-1beta) is a transcription factor that regulates gene expression in the kidney, liver, pancreas, and other epithelial organs. Mutations of HNF-1beta lead to a syndrome of inherited renal cysts and diabetes and are also a common cause of sporadic renal dysplasia. The full complement of target genes responsible for the functions of HNF-1beta, however, is incompletely defined. Using a functional genomics approach involving chromatin immunoprecipitation and promoter arrays, combined with gene expression profiling, we found that an HNF-1beta target gene in the kidney is kinesin family member 12 (Kif12), a gene previously identified as a candidate modifier gene in the cpk mouse model of polycystic kidney disease. Mutations of HNF-1beta inhibited Kif12 transcription in both cultured cells and knockout mice by altering co-factor recruitment and histone modification. Because kinesin-12 family members participate in orienting cell division, downregulation of Kif12 may underlie the abnormal planar cell polarity observed in cystic kidney diseases.
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ABSTRACT: Heterozygous mutations in the human HNF1B gene are associated with maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 5 (MODY5) and pancreas hypoplasia. In mouse, Hnf1b heterozygous mutants do not exhibit any phenotype, whereas the homozygous deletion in the entire epiblast leads to pancreas agenesis associated with abnormal gut regionalization. Here, we examine the specific role of Hnf1b during pancreas development, using constitutive and inducible conditional inactivation approaches at key developmental stages. Hnf1b early deletion leads to a reduced pool of pancreatic multipotent progenitor cells (MPCs) due to decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis. Lack of Hnf1b either during the first or the secondary transitions is associated with cystic ducts. Ductal cells exhibit aberrant polarity and decreased expression of several cystic disease genes, some of which we identified as novel Hnf1b targets. Notably, we show that Glis3, a transcription factor involved in duct morphogenesis and endocrine cell development, is downstream Hnf1b. In addition, a loss and abnormal differentiation of acinar cells are observed. Strikingly, inactivation of Hnf1b at different time points results in the absence of Ngn3(+) endocrine precursors throughout embryogenesis. We further show that Hnf1b occupies novel Ngn3 putative regulatory sequences in vivo. Thus, Hnf1b plays a crucial role in the regulatory networks that control pancreatic MPC expansion, acinar cell identity, duct morphogenesis and generation of endocrine precursors. Our results uncover an unappreciated requirement of Hnf1b in endocrine cell specification and suggest a mechanistic explanation of diabetes onset in individuals with MODY5. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.Development 03/2015; 142(5):871. DOI:10.1242/dev.110759 · 6.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Intracellular transport is spatiotemporally controlled by microtubule-dependent motor proteins, including kinesins. In order to elucidate the mechanisms controlling kinesin expression, it is important to analyze their genomic regulatory regions. In this study, we cloned the neuronal tissue-specific kinesin in medaka fish and generated transgenic fish which mimic endogenous neuronal kinesin expression in order to elucidate the mechanisms which regulate kinesin expression. Searches for medaka neuronal orthologues by RT-PCR identified a candidate gene expressed only in neuronal tissues. Using BAC clones, we determined the cDNA sequence and the gene structure of the candidate neuronal kinesin. Evolutionary analysis indicated that the candidate gene encoded medaka KIF5Aa. The endogenous medaka orthologue was found to be expressed only in the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord, while expression of KIF5Ab was not exclusive to neuronal tissues. Transgenic (Tg) medaka that expressed EGFP under the control of the 6.9kbp 5' and 1.9kbp 3' flanking regions of the KIF5Aa gene showed characteristic expression throughout the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, olfactory pit, eye and cranial nerve. Immunohistological analysis showed that EGFP expression in Tg fish co-localized with expression of HuC/D, a neuronal marker. These results demonstrate that the 6.9kbp 5' and 1.9kbp 3' flanking regions of medaka KIF5Aa have neuronal-specific promoter activity mimicking endogenous expression of medaka KIF5Ab. This transgenic fish strain will be useful for further functional analysis of the effects of these regulatory regions on gene expression.Brain research 09/2012; 1480:12-21. DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2012.08.047 · 2.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: New data on the energies and quantum defects of the highly excited Rydberg levels of thallium are presented using the two-step resonant excitation spectroscopic technique. The spectra were observed using two dye lasers simultaneously pumped by the SHG 532 nm and THG 355 nm of a Nd:YAG laser in conjunction with a thermionic diode ion detector. The Rydberg series 6s2np 2P1/2 (15⩽n⩽31) and np 2P3/2 (15⩽n⩽56) have been studied via the 6s2 7s 2S1/2 intermediate state. The first ionization potential is derived as 49266.66(5) cm−1, which is in good agreement with the earlier work. The relative intensities of the np 2P1/2,3/2 series decrease monotonically and follow the 1/n2.3 scaling.Optics Communications 01/2005; 244(1):339-347. DOI:10.1016/j.optcom.2004.09.052 · 1.54 Impact Factor