Preparation of highly selective solid-phase extractants for Cibacron reactive dyes using molecularly imprinted polymers

Department of Chemistry, Hashemite University, P.O. Box 150459, Zarqa, 13115, Jordan.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.44). 12/2008; 393(3):1055-62. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-008-2502-1
Source: PubMed


Selective polymeric extractants were prepared for preconcentration of Cibacron reactive red dye, a dye that is often applied with Cibacron reactive blue and Cibacron reactive yellow for dyeing of fabrics. The best extractant was fabricated (in chloroform) using methacrylic acid (as monomer), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (as crosslinker), AIBN (as initiator for polymerization), and red dye as template molecule, with a molar stoichiometric ratio of 8.0:40.0:2.5:0.63, respectively. The structure of the molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) was robust, and resisted dissolution up to 260 degrees C. Compared with the un-imprinted polymer, the imprinted product has a large specific surface area which improved its adsorption capacity. The effect of imprinting was obvious from the adsorption capacity measured at pH 4 for red dye (the imprinted molecule), which was increased from 24.0 to 79.3 mg g(-1) after imprinting. Equilibrium adsorption studies revealed that the dye-imprinted-polymer enables efficient extraction of red dye even in the presence of blue and yellow dyes which have similar chemical natures to the red dye. The selectivity coefficients S (red dye/dye), were 13.9 and 17.1 relative to the yellow and blue dyes, respectively. The MIP was found to be effective for red dye preconcentration, with a preconcentration factor of 100, from tap water and treated textile wastewater. The factors affecting extraction of red dye by the MIP were studied and optimized. Under the optimized extraction conditions, red dye was selectively quantified in the presence of other competing dyes at a concentration of 20 microg L(-1) from different water systems with satisfactory recoveries (91-95%) and RSD values (approximately 5.0%).

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    • "Binding sites with molecular recognition properties are formed after template molecules are removed from the polymerized material , leaving behind cavities complementary in size and shape to the template for the subsequent rebinding process. MIPs have been extensively used in several applications such as solid phase extraction (SPE) [6], chromatographic separation [7], catalysis facilitation [8] and artificial reception [9]. "
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