Perihepatitis with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) on MDCT: characteristic findings and relevance to PID.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the prevalence and image characteristics of perihepatitis, as well as the relationship with some computed tomography (CT) manifestations of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Between January 2006 and December 2007, 93 consecutive patients examined with three-phase abdominal CT scans and clinically diagnosed and treated for PID were included. Three radiologists retrospectively reviewed CT scans with consensus, and examined the location (12 areas) and thickness (four grades) of enhancement of the hepatic surface. Several CT manifestations of PID were also evaluated and statistical analysis was performed to determine the relationship of these findings.
Out of the 93 patients, 55 (59%) showed enhancement of the hepatic surface. The right anteroinferior hepatic surface was the most common site (89%) and lower hepatic division showed thicker parenchymal enhancement. Oophoritis (P = 0.020) and extension of mesenteric infiltration (P < 0.001) were revealed as statistically significant factors associated with the presence of perihepatitis in PID.
Perihepatits commonly occurs in PID; 59% of PID patients in this study had perihepatitis. The predominant site was the right anteroinferior hepatic surface. Perihepatitis seems not to be associated with various CT findings of PID reflecting disease severity, except oophoritis and upper extension of mesenteric infiltration.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome (FHCS) is a clinical entity characterized by inflammation of the liver capsule associated with genital tract infection. The aim of this study is to provide physicians with clinical suggestions for diagnostic approaches based on a series of patients who were diagnosed with FHCS. We conducted a retrospective study of patients who were diagnosed with FHCS after presenting to the emergency department (ED). The symptoms, physical examinations, laboratory findings, radiological findings, and progress of the patients were reviewed. During the four-year study period, a total of 82 female patients received a final diagnosis of FHCS in the ED. Chlamydia trachomatis was identified as a pathogen in 89% of the patients. Their clinical characteristics and laboratory findings were described. Fifty-two patients (63.4%) were admitted to the hospital. All of the admitted patients improved after treatment combining antibiotic therapy with conservative care. FHCS should be considered as a differential diagnosis for female patients of childbearing age with right upper abdominal pain. Timely diagnosis using biphasic computed tomography (CT) with arterial and portal phases may help ensure adequate medical treatment as well as avoid invasive procedures.Yonsei medical journal 07/2012; 53(4):753-8. · 0.77 Impact Factor