Western Trauma Association (WTA) critical decisions in trauma: management of adult blunt splenic trauma.

Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York, University of California, San Francisco, USA.
The Journal of trauma (Impact Factor: 2.35). 12/2008; 65(5):1007-11.
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose As an increasing amount of penetrating abdominal stab injuries has been observed in the last few decades, it is important to evaluate the adequacy of the medical systems and surgical education and training to handle this type of injury. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcome of patients with penetrating abdominal stab injuries admitted to the Emergency Unit and to evaluate the effects of using a new treatment algorithm. Methods From January 2009 to April 2009, a standardized education and training system for the surgical team was implemented in order to improve the emergency medical care system. From April 2009 to April 2011, 106 patients with the diagnosis of a penetrating abdominal stab injury were prospectively included in the study. Results The cohort included 98 males and the mean age was 29.40 ± 10.9 years. Eighty-two percent of the patients were managed conservatively, whereas 18 % underwent surgery. Based on the surgical outcomes of the patients, the rate of negative, non-therapeutic, and therapeutic laparotomies was 5, 11, and 84 %, respectively. No statistically significant difference between patients who did and did not receive surgery was observed with regards to blood pressure, temperature, hematocrit, hemoglobin, and C-reactive protein (CRP) values. However, a statistically significant difference was observed in the pulse rate, leukocyte, and neutrophil counts. The mortality and morbidity rates were 0.94 and 3.77 %, respectively. Conclusions Selective non-operative management, which has been standardized in trauma centers, may be carefully utilized in order to treat penetrating abdominal stab wounds with caution in well-equipped medical centers with well-trained staff.
    European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 10/2012; 38(5). · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple injuries are a major source of morbidity and mortality in young people. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a collaborative strategy to improve the implementation of six clinical indicators, recognized internationally, for the treatment of trauma patient. Prospective, multicentre, pre-and post-intervention study, in ten referral hospitals, offering polytrauma care in Catalonia. 378 patients were recruited for the pre-intervention study and 501 for the post-intervention study. All patients had a history of high-energy trauma requiring admission to critical or semi-critical care unit. Intervention: collaborative strategy aimed at participating professionals, involving the creation of a panel of experts, appointment of monitors to encourage improvements at each centre, training, distribution of information, material and meetings, to exchange impressions. Main outcome measures: frequency and characteristics of trauma and percentage of compliance with clinical indicators. Study of 879 trauma patients. The injury mechanism was overall blunt trauma, in both pre and post intervention phases. The medium ISS (injury severity score) was 21 ± 12,8 and the medium TRISS (trauma and injury severity score) was 26,4 ± 11,4. We didn't find differences between both study phases, in relation to the severity of injury. The mortality rate was 11.5%. We observed significant improvement in the performance of chest X-rays (45% vs. 62%) and pelvis X-rays (27% vs. 62%) in the trauma box and in the fixation of the pelvis in patients with a fracture at this site (24% vs. 49%). The use of diagnostic radiology in hemodynamically unstable patients remained low (33%). The collaborative strategy was effective in improving certain indicators of clinical management.
    Medicina clinica. 07/2014; 143S1:25-31.
  • Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 10/2013; 33(7):741-742. · 0.60 Impact Factor

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