Bioluminescent indicators for Ca2+ based on split Renilla luciferase complementation in living cells.
ABSTRACT Genetically encoded bioluminescent indicators for intracellular Ca2+ are described here with CaM-M13 interaction-induced complementation of split Renilla luciferase. The Ca2+-induced interaction between CaM and M13 leads to complementation of the N- and C-terminal halves of split Renilla luciferase in living cells. This intramolecular interaction results in the spontaneous and simultaneous emission of bioluminescence split Renilla luciferase. This is how intracellular Ca2+ is illuminated with the intramolecular complementation of split Renilla luciferase. The Ca2+-dependent spontaneous and simultaneous emission of bioluminescence promises to reveal Ca2+ dynamics in living cells, and also in vivo using the present indicators.
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ABSTRACT: Molecular imaging is a powerful tool for investigating intracellular signalling, but it is difficult to acquire conventional fluorescence imaging from photoreceptive cells. Here we demonstrated that human opsin5 (OPN5) photoreceptor mediates light-induced Ca(2+) response in human embryonic kidney (HEK293) and mouse neuroblastoma (Neuro2a) cell lines using a luminescence imaging system with a fluorescent indicator and a newly synthesized bioluminescent indicator. Weak light fluorescence and bioluminescence imaging revealed rapid and transient light-stimulated Ca(2+) release from thapsigargin-sensitive Ca(2+) stores, whereas long-lasting Ca(2+) elevation was observed using a conventional fluorescence imaging system. Bioluminescence imaging also demonstrated that OPN5 activation in HEK293 cells induced a decrease in pertussis toxin-sensitive cAMP, confirming previous reports. In addition, ultraviolet radiation induced the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases when OPN5 was stimulated in Neuro2a cells. These findings suggest that the combination of these imaging approaches may provide a new means to investigate the physiological characteristics of photoreceptors.Scientific reports. 01/2014; 4:5352.
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ABSTRACT: The use of fluorescent proteins has revolutionized our understanding of biological processes. However, the requirement for external illumination precludes their universal application to the study of biological processes in all tissues. Although light can be created by chemiluminescence, light emission from existing chemiluminescent probes is too weak to use this imaging modality in situations when fluorescence cannot be used. Here we report the development of the brightest luminescent protein to date, Nano-lantern, which is a chimera of enhanced Renilla luciferase and Venus, a fluorescent protein with high bioluminescence resonance energy transfer efficiency. Nano-lantern allows real-time imaging of intracellular structures in living cells with spatial resolution equivalent to fluorescence and sensitive tumour detection in freely moving unshaved mice. We also create functional indicators based on Nano-lantern that can image Ca(2+), cyclic adenosine monophosphate and adenosine 5'-triphosphate dynamics in environments where the use of fluorescent indicators is not feasible. These luminescent proteins allow visualization of biological phenomena at previously unseen single-cell, organ and whole-body level in animals and plants.Nature Communications 12/2012; 3:1262. · 10.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bioluminescent systems are considered as potent reporter systems for bioanalysis since they have specific characteristics, such as relatively high quantum yields and photon emission over a wide range of colors from green to red. Biochemical events are mostly accomplished through large protein machines. These molecular complexes are built from a few to many proteins organized through their interactions. These protein-protein interactions are vital to facilitate the biological activity of cells. The split-luciferase complementation assay makes the study of two or more interacting proteins possible. In this technique, each of the two domains of luciferase is attached to each partner of two interacting proteins. On interaction of those proteins, luciferase fragments are placed close to each other and form a complemented luciferase, which produces a luminescent signal. Split luciferase is an effective tool for assaying biochemical metabolites, where a domain or an intact protein is inserted into an internally fragmented luciferase, resulting in ligand binding, which causes a change in the emitted signals. We review the various applications of this novel luminescent biosensor in studying protein-protein interactions and assaying metabolites involved in analytical biochemistry, cell communication and cell signaling, molecular biology, and the fate of the whole cell, and show that luciferase-based biosensors are powerful tools that can be applied for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 07/2014; · 3.66 Impact Factor