Accuracy of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography using prospective electrocardiogram-triggering: first clinical experience.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the accuracy of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) using prospective ECG-triggering for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD).
A total of 30 patients (19 males, 11 females, mean age 58.8 +/- 9.9 years) underwent low-dose CTCA and invasive coronary angiography (CA) [median 2 days (0, 41)]. Before CT scanning, intravenous beta-blocker was administered in 18 of 30 patients as heart rate (HR) was >65 b.p.m., achieving a mean HR of 55.7 +/- 7.9 b.p.m. CAD was defined as coronary artery narrowing > or =50%, using CA as standard of reference. The estimated mean effective radiation dose was 2.1 +/- 0.7 mSv (range: 1.0-3.3), yielding 96.0% (383/399) of evaluable segments. On an intention-to-diagnose-base, all non-evaluative segments were included in the analysis. Vessels with a non-evaluative segment and no further finding were censored as false positive. Patient-based analysis revealed sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 100, 83.3, 90.0, and 100%, respectively. The respective values per vessel were 100, 88.9, 85.7, and 100%, respectively.
Prospective ECG-triggering allows low-dose CTCA and provides high diagnostic accuracy in the assessment of CAD in patients with stable sinus rhythm and a low heart rate.
Article: Coronary artery stents: influence of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction on image quality using 64-HDCT.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The assessment of coronary stents with present-generation 64-detector row computed tomography (HDCT) scanners is limited by image noise and blooming artefacts. We evaluated the performance of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) for noise reduction in coronary stent imaging with HDCT. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 50 stents of 28 patients (mean age 64 ± 10 years) undergoing coronary CT angiography (CCTA) on an HDCT scanner the mean in-stent luminal diameter, stent length, image quality, in-stent contrast attenuation, and image noise were assessed. Studies were reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP) and ASIR-FBP composites. ASIR resulted in reduced image noise vs. FBP (P < 0.0001). Two readers graded the CCTA stent image quality on a 4-point Likert scale and determined the proportion of interpretable stent segments. The best image quality for all clinical images was obtained with 40 and 60% ASIR with significantly larger luminal area visualization compared with FBP (+42.1 ± 5.4% with 100% ASIR vs. FBP alone; P < 0.0001) while the stent length was decreased (-4.7 ± 0.9%, <P = 0.002) and volume measurements were unaffected. CONCLUSION: Reconstruction of CCTA from HDCT using 40 and 60% ASIR incrementally improves intra-stent luminal area, diameter visualization, and image quality compared with FBP reconstruction.European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging. 02/2013;
European Heart Journal 02/2011; 32(3):269-71. · 10.48 Impact Factor
Article: Impact of cardiac hybrid single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography imaging on choice of treatment strategy in coronary artery disease.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cardiac hybrid imaging by fusing single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging with coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) provides important complementary diagnostic information for coronary artery disease (CAD) assessment. We aimed at assessing the impact of cardiac hybrid imaging on the choice of treatment strategy selection for CAD. Three hundred and eighteen consecutive patients underwent a 1 day stress/rest (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT and a CCTA on a separate scanner for evaluation of CAD. Patients were divided into one of the following three groups according to findings in the hybrid images obtained by fusing SPECT and CCTA: (i) matched finding of stenosis by CCTA and corresponding reversible SPECT defect; (ii) unmatched CCTA and SPECT finding; (iii) normal finding by both CCTA and SPECT. Follow-up was confined to the first 60 days after hybrid imaging as this allows best to assess treatment strategy decisions including the revascularization procedure triggered by its findings. Hybrid images revealed matched, unmatched, and normal findings in 51, 74, and 193 patients. The revascularization rate within 60 days was 41, 11, and 0% for matched, unmatched, and normal findings, respectively (P< 0.001 for all inter-group comparisons). Cardiac hybrid imaging with SPECT and CCTA provides an added clinical value for decision making with regard to treatment strategy for CAD.European Heart Journal 07/2011; 32(22):2824-9. · 10.48 Impact Factor