Article

Rapid eye movement (REM) in premature neonates and developmental outcome at 6 months.

Department of Psychology and the Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
Infant behavior & development (Impact Factor: 1.34). 12/2008; 32(1):27-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.09.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Different aspects of early sleep organization have been associated with subsequent development in premature infants. The aim of the present study was to assess the relations between rapid eye movement (REM) activity in premature neonates and infants' developmental outcomes at 6 months. Participants were 81 premature infants (47 males). Sleep-wake states and REM were observed across 4 consecutive evening hours (7-11 PM) in 10-s frames when infants were between 32 and 36 weeks post-menstrual age. Developmental outcome was assessed at 6 months with the mental development index (MDI) of the Bayley II. Infants with low-REM activity spent more time in less growth-promoting states, including crying and unfocused alert states in the neonatal period and had lower MDI scores at 6 months corrected age compared to infants with high-REM. Differences between the high- and low-REM groups were independent of neonatal medical risk. Low-REM activity may serve as an indicator of developmental risk among premature neonates.

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