Effects of intrathecal administration of newer antidepressants on mechanical allodynia in rat models of neuropathic pain.

Division of Neurobiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Kiyotake, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan.
Neuroscience Research (Impact Factor: 2.2). 11/2008; 63(1):42-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.neures.2008.10.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Antidepressants, especially tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are widely used for the treatment of various types of chronic and neuropathic pain. The antinociceptive effects of TCAs are, however, complicated. Therefore, two kinds of newer antidepressants whose functions have been more fully clarified were selected, milnacipran, a serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) and paroxetine and fluvoxamine, which are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). The antiallodynic effects of intrathecal administration of these newer antidepressants were examined in two rat models of neuropathic pain, chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic neuropathy. The antiallodynic effect of these antidepressants was evaluated using the von Frey test. The intrathecal administration of milnacipran had an antiallodynic effect in both CCI and STZ-induced diabetic rats in a dose-dependent manner. On the other hand, the intrathecal administration of either paroxetine or fluvoxamine elicited little antiallodynic effect in CCI rats, while both SSRIs had antiallodynic effects in the STZ-induced diabetic rats in a dose-dependent manner. These results indicate a considerable difference to exist in the development and/or maintenance between these two animal models of neuropathic pain and suggest that each of these three antidepressants may be effective for the treatment of diabetic neuropathic pain.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Social isolation rearing in mice after weaning reduces pain sensitivity to acute pain, and this hypoalgesia is mediated by the descending serotonergic pain inhibitory system in which the spinal serotonin (5-HT)1A receptor is involved. However, it is not known whether isolation rearing affects pain sensitivity to neuropathic or inflammatory chronic pain. In this study, we examined the effects of isolation rearing on chronic pain induced by Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) and partial sciatic nerve ligation using the von Frey test (to assess mechanical allodynia) and the plantar test (to assess thermal hyperalgesia). In the FCA model, isolation rearing reduced mechanical allodynia, but not thermal hyperalgesia. In contrast, isolation rearing had no effect on allodynia or hyperalgesia in the sciatic nerve ligation model. The isolation rearing-induced inhibition of allodynia was alleviated by intrathecal injection of WAY100635, a selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist. FCA increased 5-HT turnover and decreased 5-HT1A receptor expression in the spinal cord of group-reared mice, while it did not have these effects in isolation-reared mice. These results suggest that FCA suppresses the serotonergic pain inhibitory system selectively in group-reared mice. Moreover, systemic administration of osemozotan, a selective 5-HT1A receptor agonist, inhibited FCA-induced mechanical allodynia in group-reared mice, and this effect of the drug was suppressed by intrathecal injection of WAY100635. Collectively, these findings suggest that isolation rearing selectively reduces FCA-induced mechanical allodynia in mice and that this effect is mediated by the activation of spinal 5-HT1A receptors.
    Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 10/2013; · 2.82 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The inhibition of sensory responsivity is considered a core serotonin function, yet this hypothesis lacks direct support due to methodological obstacles. We adapted an optogenetic approach to induce acute, robust and specific firing of dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons. In vitro, the responsiveness of individual dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons to trains of light pulses varied with frequency and intensity as well as between cells, and the photostimulation protocol was therefore adjusted to maximize their overall output rate. In vivo, the photoactivation of dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons gave rise to a prominent light-evoked field response that displayed some sensitivity to a 5-HT1A agonist, consistent with autoreceptor inhibition of raphe neurons. In behaving mice, the photostimulation of dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons produced a rapid and reversible decrease in the animals' responses to plantar stimulation, providing a new level of evidence that serotonin gates sensory-driven responses. Citation: Dugué GP, Lö rincz ML, Lottem E, Audero E, Matias S, et al. (2014) Optogenetic Recruitment of Dorsal Raphe Serotonergic Neurons Acutely Decreases Mechanosensory Responsivity in Behaving Mice. PLoS ONE 9(8): e105941. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105941 Editor: Maurice J. Funding: This work was supported by an European Research Council grant to ZM (N u 250334), an Intra-European Marie Curie postdoctoral fellowship to GD (N u 220098), a Human Frontier Science Programme postdoctoral fellowship to MLL (N u LT001009/2010L), a Human Frontier Science Programme postdoctoral fellowship to EL (N u LT000881/2011L) and an Agence Nationale pour la Recherche grant to CL (Sensocode 11-BSV4-028). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. * Email: (GPD); (ZFM) . These authors contributed equally to this work.
    PLoS ONE 08/2013; 9(8):e105941. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Milnacipran, a serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), has shown efficacy against several chronic pain conditions, including fibromyalgia. Here, we evaluated, in rats, its anti-allodynic effects following acute or sub-chronic treatment in a model of neuropathic pain (chronic constriction injury, CCI, of the sciatic nerve). Amitriptyline, a tricyclic antidepressant active pre-clinically and clinically against neuropathic pains, was added as a comparison compound. Upon acute i.p. administration, milnacipran was potently efficacious in the CCI model. It significantly reduced thermal allodynia in the cold (4°C) plate test (MED=2.5mg/kg), and attenuated mechanical allodynia in the von Frey filaments test (MED=10mg/kg). Given sub-chronically (7day, b.i.d.), milnacipran was effective at 10mg/kgi.p. in both tests. Acute amitriptyline (10mg/kgi.p.) was efficacious against mechanical, but less so against cold allodynia; under sub-chronic conditions, it was only active against mechanical allodynia. These data show that milnacipran is as efficacious as the reference compound amitriptyline in a pre-clinical model of injury-induced neuropathy, and demonstrate for the first time that it is active acutely and sub-chronically against cold allodynia. They also suggest that milnacipran has the potential to alleviate allodynia associated with nerve compression-induced neuropathic pain in the clinic (for example following discal hernia, avulsion or cancer-induced tissue damage).
    European journal of pharmacology 01/2011; 655(1-3):46-51. · 2.59 Impact Factor


Available from
May 22, 2014