Natural Population Decrease in the United States

Rural Development Perspectives 12/1991; 8.


During 1950-87, deaths outnumbered births in 1 or more years in 993 U.S. counties; 95 percent were nonmetro counties, mostly in Florida, central United States, and Appalachia. Because of such natural decrease of population combined with increased outmigration of young adults, these counties may undergo financial stress and have difficulty maintaining schools and other services. (Author/SV)

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    • "Evidence from several recent studies supports this expectation. For example, researchers have found that family size and birth rate in nonmetro counties are no longer significantly different from those found in metro counties (Beale 1978; Zuiches and Brown 1978; Conger and Elder 1994; Coward and Smith 1982; Beale and Fuguitt 1990; Fuguitt, Beale, and Reibel 1991; Johnson and Beale 1992). In further support of this economic uniqueness hypothesis, Albrecht and Albrecht (1996) maintain that many of the historical differences were really farm vs. nonfarm rather than nonmetro vs. metro; and as the farm population has declined, metro/nonmetro differences have diminished. "
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