Lower gastrointestinal disorders in patients with irritable bowel syndrome

Department of Hepatogastroenterology, General Hospital "Sveti Duh", Zagreb, Croatia.
Collegium antropologicum (Impact Factor: 0.61). 10/2008; 32(3):755-9.
Source: PubMed


Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal system characterized by abdominal pain related to bowel emptying, defecation impairment and abdominal distention. The aim of the study was to objectify lower gastrointestinal system disturbances in IBS patients. Thirty IBS patients and 30 healthy subjects were included in the study. IBS patients were divided into two subgroups: IBS with predominant diarrhea (IBSd) and IBS with predominant constipation (IBSc). All study subjects underwent physical examination (including digitorectal examination), standard laboratory testing and anorectal manometry. Endoscopy was performed only in group of IBS patients. A statistically significant difference was recorded in most manometric parameters between healthy subjects and IBS patients, which was even more pronounced in IBSd patients. Study results showed that the intestinal motility disorder underlying IBS could be objectified by use of anorectal manometry.

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    ABSTRACT: Possibly, acute esophagitis and pancreatitis cause each other, and we focused on sphincteric failure as the common causative key able to induce either esophagitis and acute pancreatitis or both of them, and thereby investigate the presence of a common therapy nominator. This may be an anti-ulcer pentadecapeptide BPC 157 (tested for inflammatory bowel disease, wound treatment) affecting esophagitis, lower esophageal and pyloric sphincters failure and acute pancreatitis (10 μg/kg, 10 ng/kg intraperitoneally or in drinking water). The esophagitis-sphincter failure procedure (i.e., insertion of the tubes into the sphincters, lower esophageal and pyloric) and acute pancreatitis procedure (i.e., bile duct ligation) were combined in rats. Esophageal manometry was done in acute pancreatitis patients. In rats acute pancreatitis procedure produced also esophagitis and both sphincter failure, decreased pressure 24 h post-surgery. Furthermore, bile duct ligation alone immediately declines the pressure in both sphincters. Vice versa, the esophagitis-sphincter failure procedure alone produced acute pancreatitis. What's more, these lesions (esophagitis, sphincter failure, acute pancreatitis when combined) aggravate each other (tubes into sphincters and ligated bile duct). Counteraction occurred by BPC 157 therapies. In acute pancreatitis patients lower pressure at rest was in both esophageal sphincters in acute pancreatitis patients. We conclude that BPC 157 could cure esophagitis/sphincter/acute pancreatitis healing failure.
    Journal of physiology and pharmacology: an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society 10/2011; 62(5):527-34. · 2.39 Impact Factor


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