Regulation of Synaptic Connectivity With Chronic Cocaine

Department of Psychiatry, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9070, USA.
American Journal of Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 13.56). 12/2008; 165(11):1393. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.08101465
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Epigenetics commonly refers to the developmental process by which cellular traits are established and inherited without a change in DNA sequence. These mechanisms of cellular memory also orchestrate gene expression in the adult brain and recent evidence suggests that the "epigenome" represents a critical interface between environmental signals, activation, repression and maintenance of genomic responses, and persistent behavior. We here review the current state of knowledge regarding the contribution of the epigenome toward the development of psychiatric disorders.
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